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Gerty T. Cori Papers | Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives

Collection Overview

Title: Gerty T. Cori PapersAdd to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1911-1973

ID: FC/FC053

Extent: 1.0 Linear Feet

Biographical/Historical Note

Gerty Cori (1896-1957), the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was born in Prague, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1896. Educated by tutors and in private schools, Gerty decided at the age of 16 to study medicine. She entered the Realgymnasium at Tetschen, from which she graduated in 1914, and then proceeded to the Medical School of the German University of Prague. While in medical school, Gerty met Carl Ferdinand Cori, a fellow student who shared both her loves of skiing and mountain climbing and her interest in laboratory research. In 1920 the two published the results of their first research collaboration, received their medical degrees, and married each other.

Gerty Cori’s first research position was as an assistant in the Karolinen Children’s Hospital in Vienna. In 1922 Carl Cori emigrated to the United States to join the staff of the New York State Institute for the Study of Malignant Diseases in Buffalo, New York. Gerty Cori emigrated a few months later, starting as an assistant pathologist at the Institute and later rising to assistant biochemist. In 1928 the Coris became naturalized U.S. citizens.

In 1931 Carl Cori accepted the position of chairman of the Department of Pharmacology of the Washington University School of Medicine. The University rules at the time prohibited faculty appointment of two members of the same family, so Gerty Cori was hired as a research fellow in Pharmacology. In the early 1940s the Coris moved to the department of Biological Chemistry. Gerty Cori was made an associate professor of Research Biological Chemistry and Pharmacology in 1943. She was promoted to the rank of professor of Biological Chemistry in July 1947.

In addition to the Nobel Prize in 1947, Gerty Cori was the recipient of many honors and awards. With her husband she was awarded the Midwest Award of the American Chemical Society in 1946. Gerty Cori received the St. Louis Award in 1948, the Squibb Award in endocrinology in 1947, and Garvan medal of the American Chemical Society for women in chemistry in 1948, and the sugar research prize of the National Academy of Sciences in 1950. In 1948 Cori was recognized as a Woman of Achievement in science by the Women’s National Press Club. In addition, President Truman appointed Gerty Cori to two terms as a member of the board of the National Science Foundation. Honorary degrees were awarded to Cori by Yale University, Boston University, Smith College, Columbia University, and the University of Rochester. The American Chemical Society designated the research of Gerty and Carl Cori on the metabolism of carbohydrates at The Washington University School of Medicine a National Historic Chemical Landmark on September 21, 2004.

In 1947 Gerty Cori began displaying the symptoms of myelofibrosis, a rare blood disease that affects the bone marrow. She fought the disease for 10 years, refusing to give up her research until the last few months of her life. Cori died on October 26, 1957.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

[FC053]

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: The collection is open and accessible for research.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (arb@wusm.wustl.edu).

Related Materials:

Preferred Citation: [Item description, Box number, Folder number], Gerty T. Cori Papers, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University School of Medicine.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Series 1: General Files.],
[Series 2: Letters from J. K. Parnas, 1932-1947.],
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Series 2: Letters from J. K. Parnas, 1932-1947.Add to your cart.
Correspondence with J. K. Parnas.  Letters from the period 1932-1938 are written in German.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 1932Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 9: 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 10: 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 11: 1936Add to your cart.
Folder 12: 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 13: 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 14: 1944Add to your cart.
Folder 15: 1945Add to your cart.
Folder 16: 1946Add to your cart.
Folder 17: 1947Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: General Files.],
[Series 2: Letters from J. K. Parnas, 1932-1947.],
[Series 3: Reprints, 1911-1945.],
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