Becker Library Archives
9:00am - 5:00pm, M-F (or by appointment) 362-4236

Browse Collections By: Title Classification

Missouri Medical College RecordsAdd to your cart. | Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives

Title: Missouri Medical College RecordsAdd to your cart.
Extent: 3.0 Linear Feet
expand icon Biographical/Historical Note

The Missouri Medical College began as the Medical Department of Kemper College, an Episcopal institution founded in St. Louis in 1830.  In 1840, Joseph Nash McDowell, M.D., organized a group of four other St. Louis physicians as a teaching faculty and thus established Kemper College’s Medical Department.  The lectures delivered by these physicians were the first medical courses taught west of the Mississippi River.  The Medical Department was initially housed in a building at the corner of Ninth and Cerre Streets in St. Louis and was often referred to as McDowell’s Medical College in tribute to its founder.  Kemper College closed in 1845 due to financial constraints and the Medical Department consequently transferred to the University of Missouri.  At this time, the department constructed a new building in St. Louis, shaped like an octagonal fortress.  The Medical Department remained affiliated with the University of Missouri for the next ten years, until it received an independent charter and officially became the Missouri Medical College.

The Missouri Medical College matriculated its first graduates in 1841 and continued to graduate students each year, except for the duration of the Civil War.  Between 1862 and 1865, the institution’s fortress-like building was converted into a military prison, named the Gratiot Street Prison.  When the war ended, the building was returned to the college and medical courses resumed.  The Missouri Medical College continued in operation until 1899, when it was absorbed into the Washington University School of Medicine.

expand icon Access and Use Restrictions
Restrictions: The collection is open and accessible for research.

Users of the collection should read and abide by the guidelines of the Use of Archival Collections policy at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Related Materials:
Preferred Citation: [Item description, Box number, Folder number], Missouri Medical College Records, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University School of Medicine.
Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Full Finding Aid Full Finding Aid

660 S. Euclid Ave., Campus Box 8132, St. Louis MO 63110
Phone: 314.362.7080 Fax: 314.454.6606

©2018 Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri
Powered by Archon

Page Generated in: 0.498 seconds (using 139 queries).
Using 10.27MB of memory. (Peak of 10.51MB.)

Powered by Archon Version 3.21
Copyright ©2011 The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign