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Carl F. and Gerty T. Cori Photographs, Certificates, and Artifacts CollectionAdd to your cart. | Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives

Title: Carl F. and Gerty T. Cori Photographs, Certificates, and Artifacts CollectionAdd to your cart.
ID: VC/VC014
Extent: 0.1 Linear Feet
Predominant Dates: 1946-1947, 2017
expand icon Biographical/Historical Note

Carl Ferdinand Cori was born in 1896 in Prague (then located in the Austro-Hungarian Empire), the son of a noted Austrian biologist. Cori began medical study in his native city, but this was interrupted by military service in World War I, during which he served as a medic on the Italian front. While a student again after the war, he became engaged to a classmate, Gerty Theresa Radnitz.

Gerty T. Cori (1896-1957), the first American woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, was born in Prague, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in 1896. Educated by tutors and in private schools, Gerty decided at the age of 16 to study medicine. She entered the Realgymnasium at Tetschen, from which she graduated in 1914, and then proceeded to the Medical School of the German University of Prague. While in medical school, Gerty met Carl Ferdinand Cori, a fellow student who shared both her loves of skiing and mountain climbing and her interest in laboratory research. In 1920 the two published the results of their first research collaboration, received their medical degrees, and married each other.

Gerty Cori’s first research position was as an assistant in the Karolinen Children’s Hospital in Vienna. In 1922 Carl Cori emigrated to the United States to join the staff of the New York State Institute for the Study of Malignant Diseases in Buffalo, New York. Gerty Cori emigrated a few months later, starting as an assistant pathologist at the Institute and later rising to assistant biochemist. In 1928 the Coris became naturalized U.S. citizens.

In 1931, Carl Cori was appointed professor and chairman of the Department of Pharmacology at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The University rules at the time prohibited faculty appointment of two members of the same family, so Gerty Cori was hired as a research fellow in Pharmacology. In the early 1940s the Coris moved to the department of Biological Chemistry. Gerty Cori was made an associate professor of Research Biological Chemistry and Pharmacology in 1943. She was promoted to the rank of professor of Biological Chemistry in July 1947. The Coris’ most notable contribution to science was their series of discoveries that elucidated the pathway of glycogen breakdown in animal cells and the enzymic basis of its regulation, now known as the Cori Cycle.

expand icon Access and Use Restrictions
Restrictions: The collection is open and accessible for research.
Rights: Users of the collection should read and abide by the guidelines of the Use of Archival Collections policy at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.
Related Materials:
Preferred Citation: [Item description, Item number], Carl F. and Gerty T. Cori Photographs, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University School of Medicine.
Collection Material Type: Visual Collection
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