Adele B. Croninger Papers


Reference code


Level of description



Adele B. Croninger Papers


  • 1938-1959 (Creation)
  • 1938-1959 (Creation)


1.00 Linear Feet

Name of creator


Biographical history

Adele Croninger was a geologist best known for her work in cancer research on the studies of smoking habits and lung cancer rates under the guidance of Ernst Wynder and Evarts Graham at Washington University School of Medicine. Croninger initially recieved a master's degree in geology from the university in 1948, but she opted to embark in cancer research at the medical school after graduation. She and Betty G. Proctor conducted the interviews for the study, which was released in 1950 to widespread publicity. Due to controversial evidence in the study, Wynder and Graham decided to develop a follow-up study using cigarette tar on laboratory mice. Croninger was again hired to assist in the second study and proved herself to be such an adept worker that she was named as a co-author when the study was published in five parts between 1953 and 1958, immediately becoming a historical turning point for its linkage of cigarette smoking to lung cancer.

Scope and content

Reprint collection of scientific publications. Most are related to smoking in relation to lung cancer, carcinoma. Most reprints are in English. Also one folder of laboratory notes on tar and radiation experiments.

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

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Immediate source of acquisition

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Existence and location of copies

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Rules or conventions

"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

Sources used

Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

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