Name and location of repository
Level of description
John T. Hodgen Collection
- 1922-1982 (Creation)
- 1853-1882 (Creation)
6.00 Linear Feet
Name of creator
John Thompson Hodgen (1826-1882) was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He attended Bethany College in West Virginia and studied at the medical department of the University of Missouri (later Missouri Medical College). After graduating from medical school in 1848, he served as Assistant Resident Physician of St. Louis City Hospital for a year. Dr. Hodgen then practiced with Dr. Joseph N. McDowell in St. Louis. He joined the faculty of Missouri Medical College, serving as Demonstrator of Anatomy (1849-1853), Chair of Anatomy (1854-1862), and Chair of Physiology (1858-1862).
During the Civil War, Dr. Hodgen was appointed to the rank of Surgeon General of the State of Missouri in 1862. When Dr. McDowell sided with the Confederacy, Dr. Hodgen transferred his allegiance to the St. Louis Medical College where he served as the Chair of Physiology (1862-1868) and Dean of the College (1865-1882). In addition to his administrative duties at the St. Louis Medical College, Dr. Hodgen also taught clinical surgery at City Hospital from 1864-1882 and was a surgeon at St. Luke's Hospital.
Dr. Hodgen was a member of the St. Louis Board of Health from 1867-1871, President of the St. Louis Medical Society in 1872, Chairman of the Surgical Section of the American Medical Association in 1873, president of the Missouri State Medical Association in 1874, a member of the International Medical Congress in 1876 and 1881, one of the founders of the American Surgical Association, and President of the American Medical Association in 1881.
Dr. Hodgen's literary work consisted largely in contributions to medical journals. He edited the chapters on injuries to the chest and injuries of the abdomen in the American edition of A System of Surgery edited by Timothy Holmes. Some of his papers were on the surgery of shock, nerve sections for neuralgia, fractures, and thigh and skin grafting. Among the many surgical appliances devised by him are a wire suspension splint, a cradle splint, a snare for the for the removal of urethral calculi, a surgeon's reel and artery forceps, and a simple siphon and stomach pump.
Scope and content
This collection consists of reprints, a bibliography, and biographical information on John T. Hodgen. Also included in the collection are original letters by him, a correspondence file on the Hodgens by descendant Stuart Mudd, reports and exhibits of an ethics case in 1867, and material on the Hodgen lectures, 1922-1982.
Accession 2018-005 is unprocessed and includes a number of items relating to John T. Hodgen including drafts of patient cases and scientific articles for publication, postcards and hotel receipts from travel abroad to Europe (Scotland, Ireland, and France), letters from relatives in Elizabethtown and Hodgenville, Kentucky, as well as letters Hodgen wrote while traveling from Missouri to California on gold mining expedition. Also included as part of this accession is a dozen or more letters written by Colonel John J. Mudd to his mother Eliza Mudd. Colonel Mudd was Dr. Hodgen’s brother in law who died in battle during the civil war. A smaller number of items were included in this accession including John M. Hodgen’s law degree from Washington University (Dr. Hodgen’s son) and his photographs of his family.
System of arrangement
Conditions governing access
The collection is open and accessible for research.
Conditions governing reproduction
Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.
Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.
For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
The John T. Hodgen collection is a compilation from various sources, their specifics unrecorded, within the Library, to which were added three files from the manuscripts of the St. Louis Society for Medical and Scientific Education (1990-061).
Immediate source of acquisition
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
Related archival materials
Rules or conventions
"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."
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