Collection OH100 - Ella B. Brown Oral History


Reference code


Level of description



Ella B. Brown Oral History


  • July 27, 1990 (Creation)


0.05 Linear Feet

Name of creator

(Born circa 1926)

Biographical history

Ella Bolden Brown was born in Fort Worth Texas. After graduating with top honors from high school at the age of 15, she won a scholarship to Dillard College. During World War II she worked in a meat packing plant. She entered the Homer G. Phillips School of Nursing and enrolled in the Cadet Nurse Corps. She graduated in 1947 and was immediately offered a teaching position. She continued her education as one of the first black students in St. Louis University’s BSN program in 1950 and later at Webster University and Washington University School of Nursing for Master’s Degrees in Nursing and Administration and she received a Certificate in Pediatric Nursing from the University of Chicago. She remained at Homer G. Phillips as the Director of Nursing mentoring over 700 students. She was the director of the Homer G. Phillips School of Nursing when it merged to become the St. Louis Municipal School of Nursing. She was head nurse of Homer G. Phillips Hospital when it closed in 1979. She gracefully transferred her Director of Nursing position to City Hospital No. 1 and remained there until her retirement in 1984 when City Hospital closed. She was the first black person to be inducted into the Missouri Nurses Association Hall of Fame. Source:

Scope and content

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 22 minutes.

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

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Rules or conventions

"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

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Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

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