Oral History

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Oral History

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Oral History

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Oral History

153 Archival description results for Oral History

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William B. Parker Oral History

  • OH021
  • Collection
  • 2/17/1976; 2/24/1976; 3/2/1976

In a series of three interviews, Parker relates some of the history of the Washington University School of Medicine and its administrative staff, operation and structure. He mentions the deans under which he served and names several of the members of the secretarial and support staff with who he worked over the years. The audio quality of the interview is inconsistent and there is intermittent background noise. There are several long pauses between questions and during some of the answers. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on February 17, February 24, and March 2, 1976. OH021. Approximate Length 72 minutes.

Parker, William B.

Herbert A. Anderson Oral History

  • OH022
  • Collection
  • 5/13/1976

Anderson discusses his experiences as a student at the Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s and some of his instructors, including Evarts A. Graham and Ernest Sachs. Anderson also details his experiences as senior medical officer on a hospital transport ship during World War II and his continuing study of abdominal surgery at the Allgemeine Krankenhaus at the University of Vienna. Interviewed by Darryl B. Podoll on May 13 , 1976. OH022. Approximate Length 41 minutes.

Anderson, Herbert A., Jr.

Adam N. Boyd Oral History

  • OH023
  • Collection
  • 5/13/1976

Boyd recounts some of his experiences as a student at the Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s and his recollections of instructors such as Barney Brooks and David Barr. Also covered are some of Boyd’s experiences as a general practitioner in Houston, Texas, especially during the Depression. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 13, 1976. OH023. Approximate Length 54 minutes.

Boyd, Adam N.

Edwin D. Greer Oral History

  • OH024
  • Collection
  • 7/14/1976

Greer discusses his experiences as a student at the Washington University School of Medicine after his service in the Navy Medical Corps in World War I, and some of his influential teachers, such as Philip Shaffer. Greer talks of his experiences establishing his medical practice in Oakland, California, his hobby of music, and his patient-oriented approach to medicine. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 14, 1976. OH024. Approximate Length 50 minutes.

Greer, Edwin D.

Walter R. Peterson Oral History

  • OH025
  • Collection
  • 5/14/1976

Peterson tells of some of his experiences as a student at the Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s and faculty members such as Evarts A. Graham. He describes his internships and residencies in St. Louis and New York City, his practice as an orthopedic surgeon in Trenton, New Jersey, and his position as a clinical instructor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Peterson also discusses some of the changes in the practice of orthopedic surgery over the course of his career, the impact of malpractice insurance, and his philosophy of practicing medicine. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 14, 1976. OH025. Approximate Length 37 minutes.

Peterson, Walter R.

A.N. Arneson, John E. Hobbs, and Melvin A. Roblee Oral History

  • OH026
  • Collection
  • 5/24/1976

The three physicians discuss their experiences as students at the Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s; changes in medical practice and education during the 20th century; and changes in the study and practice of obstetrics and gynecology. Arneson, Hobbs, and Roblee also relate stories about Barnes Hospital, St. Louis Maternity Hospital, surgeons Evarts A. Graham and Ernest Sachs, physiologist Joseph Erlanger, and obstetricians Henry Schwarz and Otto Henry Schwarz. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on May 24, 1976. OH026. Approximate Length 87 minutes.

Arneson, A.N. (Axel Norman)

Hallowell Davis Oral History

  • OH027
  • Collection
  • 4/6/1977

These interviews begin with Davis’s studies at Harvard and his post-graduate study in England. Davis discusses his research on the electrophysiology of the auditory system and electrical activity of the brain and his defense work during World War II studying human tolerance to loud sounds. Davis describes the establishment of a research department at the Central Institute for the Deaf and work on hearing tests and speech audiometry, including the development of the first American standards for audiometers. Davis describes then-current methods in electro-physiology to measure peripheral hearing of young children by detecting electrical responses in the brain. The interview ends with a brief discussion of the problems related to world overpopulation, pollution, and international relations.

The transcript presents an edited version of the sound recording. The interview begins with a biographical sketch of Hallowell Davis, and ends with a revised biographical sketch. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on April 6, 1977 and April 28, 1977. OH027. Approximate Length 2 hours, 45 minutes.

Davis, Hallowell, 1896-1992

Percy J. Carroll Oral History

  • OH028
  • Collection
  • 2/23/1981

Carroll recounts his service in the Army Medical Corps from 1916 to 1946: service in France during World War I; postings to the Philippines, China, Jefferson Barracks; medical service with the Civilian Conservation Corps during the early years of the Depression; medical service in the South Pacific during World War II; contacts with Douglas McArthur. Also covered are Carroll’s post-war experiences as dean of the Creighton University School of Medicine.

Audio quality is very poor in parts of the first 90 minutes of the interview. Carroll’s wife Helen occasionally speaks during the interview. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on February 23, 1981 and March 4, 1981. OH028. Approximate Length 3 hours.

Carroll, Percy J.

Virginia Minnich Oral History

  • OH029
  • Collection
  • 3/25/1981

Minnich discusses her undergraduate studies at Ohio State University and her graduate studies at Iowa State College. She describes research work in college on serum iron metabolism, done with Carl V. Moore, and his later offer of employment as a researcher at the Washington University School of Medicine in 1938. Minnich details some of her research on iron metabolism, anemias and purpura, as well as her work setting up laboratories in Thailand and Turkey. She also discusses her work creating audio-visual teaching aids, teaching evening classes, and changes in the Washington University School of Medicine over her 40-plus year career. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on March 25, 1981. OH029. Approximate Length 77 minutes.

Minnich, Virginia

H. Rommel Hildreth Oral History

  • OH030
  • Collection
  • 4/8/1981

Hildreth discusses the dispute between the Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes Hospital in the early 1960s, and the roles of Edgar M. Queeny (chairman of the Trustees of Barnes Hospital), Edward W. Dempsey (dean of the medical school), consultants Joseph Hinsey and John H. Knowles, and Washington University chancellor George Pake. Hildreth also talks about some of the faculty of the medical school while he was a student in the mid-1920s, such as Evarts A. Graham and Joseph Erlanger.  Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on April 8, 1981. OH030. Approximate Length 53 minutes.

Hildreth, H. Rommel

Brent M. Parker Oral History

  • OH031
  • Collection
  • 5/12/1977

Parker relates some of his experiences as a student at the Washington University School of Medicine, and some of the memorable faculty members, such as W. Barry Wood. Parker also discusses changes in medical school education over the years, medical malpractice insurance, Medicare, and euthanasia. Interviewed by William R. Massa on May 12, 1977. OH031. Approximate Length 40 minutes.

Parker, Brent M.

John D. Davidson Oral History

  • OH032
  • Collection
  • 5/13/1977

Davidson discusses his experiences as a medical student at Washington University School of Medicine, his internship at St. Louis City Hospital, and his fellowship in Cardiology at the National Heart Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, which involved the study of hypertension. Davidson discusses research at St. Luke’s Hospital on treatments to decrease the amount of heart damage after a heart attack. Davidson also discusses changes in medical education from the late 1940s/early 1950s to the mid-1970s, and medical malpractice insurance and Medicaid problems facing physicians in the 1970s. Interviewed by William R. Massa on May 13, 1977. OH032. Approximate Length 62 minutes.

Davidson, John D.

Frances Stewart Oral History

  • OH033
  • Collection
  • 5/17/1977

Stewart briefly discusses her experiences in medical school at the Washington University School of Medicine, her remembrances of professor Ernest Sachs, and her internship at St. Louis Maternity Hospital. Stewart recounts the beginning of the first contraceptive clinic in St. Louis, the Maternal Health Association of Missouri (later Planned Parenthood of St. Louis), and some of its founders, Frederick J. Taussig, Robert J. Crossen, and Helen Buss. She also recalls her work at the clinic and its development over the years. The interview concluded with a discussion about problems with medical malpractice insurance and the rising cost of medical care. Audio quality of interview is poor. Interviewed by William R. Massa on May 17, 1977. OH033. Approximate Length 32 minutes.

Stewart, Frances H.

Jessie L. Ternberg Oral History

  • OH034
  • Collection
  • May 8, 1978

Interviewed by Estelle Brodman in 1978. Approximate Length: 2 hours and 40 minutes.

Ternberg, Jessie L.

Mabel L. Purkerson Oral History

  • OH035
  • Collection
  • September 25, 1978

Interviewed by Estelle Brodman in 1978. Approximate Length: 72 minutes.

Purkerson, Mabel L.

Park J. White Oral History

  • OH036
  • Collection
  • 1/29/1979

White discusses his decision to come to St. Louis Children’s Hospital and the Washington University School of Medicine in 1920, and his interaction with Williams McKim Marriott. He describes the medical ethics course he taught for over twenty years. White shares his views on fee-splitting, abortion and birth control, euthanasia, women in medicine, malpractice insurance, and answers a question about his involvement in the integration of the Academy of Pediatrics in the 1940’s. The discussion covers White’s medical practice and treatment of disadvantaged children and the prevalence of lead-poisoning in that population. The interview concludes with White reciting one of his poems. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on January 29, 1979. OH036. Approximate Length 60 minutes.

White, Park J.

Crawford F. Sams Oral History

  • OH037
  • Collection
  • 5/3/1979

Sams discusses his decision to pursue a medical degree at the Washington University School of Medicine, his interest in neurosurgery, and the influence of faculty member Ernest Sachs. He describes his research on heat syndrome while assigned to the Panama Canal Department and talks extensively about his work during the Second World War in the Middle East, Europe, and the Far East in preparing medical services for casualties. At the end of the Second World War Sams was made Chief of the Public Health and Welfare Section of the General Headquarters, Supreme Command Allied Powers and was responsible for the establishment of all activities pertaining to the health and welfare of the Japanese. Sams relates his contributions in the rebuilding Japan, including studying the effects of radiation after the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, establishing mass immunization programs, improving medical care and education, and nutrition initiatives during this period. He also describes similar work he performed in Korea before, during and after the Korean War. Sams then discusses his research on low-level radiation at the Operations Research Center at the University of California-Berkeley, as well as the early efforts in the application of computer systems to biological research. The audio quality of the interview is inconsistent and at times very poor. There are several instances of unintelligible words or sentences. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 3, 1979. OH037. Approximate Length 112 minutes.

Sams, Crawford F.

Daniel Nathans Oral History (OH038)

  • OH038
  • Collection
  • 5/4/1979

Nathans participated in two oral histories. In the first interview, Nathans discusses his childhood in Wilmington, Delaware, his undergraduate education at the University of Delaware, and his experiences in medical school at the Washington University School of Medicine. Nathans recalls some of men who influenced his career, including Barry Wood, Carl Cori, Oliver Lowry, Robert Loeb, Fritz Lipmann, and colleagues such as Hamilton O. Smith and Norton Zinder. He recalls his internship and residency at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center in New York, and his experiences as a researcher at the National Institutes of Health, Rockefeller University and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.

In the first interview, Nathans describes some of his research in microbiology, the biosynthesis of proteins, restriction enzymes, RNA phages, and molecular genetics. In the second interview, Nathans discusses the potential significance of his research on recombinant DNA and the effect of winning the Nobel Prize on his personal life and career.

The audio quality of the interviews is inconsistent. Some portions are inaudible. The first interview lasts approximately 56 minutes; the second interview follows immediately and lasts approximately 48 minutes. There is background noise during the second interview. Interviewed by Dr. Sondra Schlesinger (first interview) and Dorothy A. Brockoff (second interview); introduction by Darryl Podoll on May 4, 1979. The oral history number is OH038. Approximate Length is 104 minutes.

Nathans, Daniel

Estelle Brodman Oral History (OH039)

  • OH039
  • Collection
  • November 22, 1978

Dr. Brodman explains her pursuit of a degree in Library Science, her two years at Columbia University, and her early career in the Medical Library Association. Dr. Brodman then discusses her career at the National Library of Medicine and the differences between the Army Medical Library of the 1940s and the National Library of Medicine of the 1970s. She mentions the development of MEDLARS and GRACE and the demise of the Index Catalog. Dr. Brodman tells of coming to Washington University School of Medicine Library and changes in libraries over the decades. The several interviewers next respond to Dr. Brodman’s questions about the changes in the Washington University School of Medicine Library. The interview ends with Estelle Brodman’s statement on how fulfilling and exciting medical librarianship has been for her.

Interviewed by Audrey K. Berteau, Loretta Stucki , Barbara Halbrook, Mrs. Betty Kulifay, and Millard Johnson

Brodman, Estelle

Charles W. McLaughlin, Jr. Oral History

  • OH040
  • Collection
  • 5/4/1979

McLaughlin discusses completing his medical degree at Washington University School of Medicine and his internship and residency experiences. McLaughlin recounts his service as a surgeon during the Second World War in the U.S. Naval Reserves. He also discusses the role of the American College of Surgeons, his many medical publications on breast and other cancers, and trends in medicine. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 4, 1979. OH040. Approximate Length 61 minutes.

McLaughlin, Charles W., Jr.

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