Oral History

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Oral History

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Oral History

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Oral History

153 Archival description results for Oral History

153 results directly related Exclude narrower terms

Bernard Becker Oral History

  • OH061
  • Collection
  • 10/19/1990

Transcript of 3 interviews with Bernard Becker conducted in the fall of 1990. In the first interview Becker describes his early years and education. He discusses his undergraduate studies at Princeton University and his mentor there, H. S. Taylor; his graduate studies at Harvard Medical School during World War II and his military service as a psychiatrist; and his post-war residency training and research with Jonas Friedenwald at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. In the second interview Becker describes the challenges of balancing clinical work, research, and administration as head of the Department of Ophthalmology at Washington University School of Medicine from 1953 to 1988. Becker discusses the expansion of the Department of Ophthalmology, his research in the causes and control of glaucoma, and his efforts to integrate the university’s affiliated hospitals. In the third interview, Becker describes the changes in academic medicine and research from the 1950s to the 1980s. He discusses some of the efforts leading to the establishment of the National Eye Institute in 1968, and his work to fund and construct a new medical library at Washington University. Following the 3rd interview is Dr. Becker's summary of his career. Interviewed by Marion Hunt on October 19, 1990; November 2, 1990, and unknown date [Fall 1990]. OH061. Approximate Length 30 leaves.

Becker, Bernard

Robert J. Glaser Oral History

  • OH062
  • Collection
  • 3/7/1985

Robert Glaser discusses his undergraduate and medical school experiences at Harvard University and his residency and years on the faculty as assistant and associate dean of the Washington University School of Medicine. Glaser explains his research in the uses of penicillin and his work in the rheumatic fever clinic during the late 1940s and 1950s. He also discusses some of his colleagues at Washington University, including Barry Wood, Robert A. Moore, Evarts A. Graham, and Carl Moore. Glaser discusses his experience serving as dean of the medical schools at Colorado and Stanford universities, and his work as a foundation executive of the Commonwealth Fund, the Kaiser Foundation and the Markey Charitable Trust. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on March 7, 1985. OH062. Approximate Length 130 minutes.

Glaser, Robert J.

Jerome E. Cook Oral History

  • OH063
  • Collection
  • 4/8/1961

Cook talks about Dr. Jesse S. Myer, gastroenterologist and biographer of William Beaumont. Cook also relates some of his experiences as a medical student in the early years of the 20th century and as an intern at St. Louis City Hospital. He describes the practice of medicine at that time and the prevalence and treatment of diseases such as typhoid fever, malaria, and syphilis.

There are several long pauses in the audio recording. Interviewed on April 8, 1961. OH063. Approximate Length 41 minutes.

Cook, Jerome E.

Leonore Goldstein Oral History

  • OH064
  • Collection
  • 11/20/1960

Leonore Goldstein discusses her husband Max A. Goldstein, his art and book collecting, his founding of the journal The Laryngoscope, and his founding of Central Institute for the Deaf in 1914. The audio quality of the recording is poor. Though there are two interviewers, the transcript does not reflect which interviewer is speaking. The tape ends abruptly. Interviewed by Mrs. Arnold Block and Mrs. Julius Elson on November 20, 1960. OH064. Approximate Length 33 minutes.

Goldstein, Leonore

Samuel B. Guze Oral History (OH065)

  • OH065
  • Collection
  • October 11, 1989

Interviewed by Richard W. Hudgens in 1989.

This is a five part interview on the history of the Neuropsychiatry department and the psychiatry department of Washington University School of Medicine. Part 1 begins with questions on the neuropsychiatry department in World War II beginning with Edward Gildea. He was a proponent of biological psychiatry, but was tolerant of the psychoanalysts on staff like his wife Margaret Gildea. Guze discusses the dynamic between the biologically oriented faculty Gildea appointed such as George Saslow, Eli Robins and George Winokur and himself. He also mentions George Ulett and David Graham. Guze explains how he got into psychiatry, when his initial goal was to be an internist. He also describes in the end of part 1 and beginning of part 2 how in 1955, Guze, Robins and Winokur, the three assistant professor in Psychiatry in 1955 went to Gildea with their plan for a biologically oriented psychiatry department. Gildea was supportive and they divided up duties. In the training of students, biological psychiatry emphasizes diagnosis and research, clinical studies of etiology including neuropathology, pharmacology, and neurochemistry. Eli Robins was the prime mover in the movement on regularizing diagnostic criteria. At the end of part 2, Guze discusses Gildeas strengths and weaknesses and is asked about Gildea's conflict with James O'Leary. Guze is asked how Eli Robins became head of the new Psychiatry Department. Dr. Ulett was also a contender for department chair. in part 3, Guze discusses Robins era and the effect of Eli's multiple sclerosis on his own research and the psychiatry department. In part 5, Guze discusses how he met Joy Guze, his wife and his childhood especially parents and grandparents and schooling. Antisemitic quotas affected admission to medical schools particularly before World War II.

Guze, Samuel B.

Samuel B. Guze Oral History (OH066)

  • OH066
  • Collection
  • 1994

Guze discusses his experience as a student of the Washington University School of Medicine in the early 1940s, and his memories of faculty members such as Carl and Gerty Cori, Mildred Trotter, Ethel Ronzoni Bishop, Joseph Erlanger, Barry Wood, Evarts A. Graham, Helen Tredway Graham, Sarah Luse, and Carl Moore. Guze explains how his interest in the field of psychiatry developed and the influence of George Saslow on his career. He also discusses building the psychiatry program at Washington University with his colleagues Eli Robins and George Winokur, his work on the genetics of psychiatric disorders, and the interest and development of child psychiatry as a discipline within the medical school. Colleagues such as M. Kenton King. Virginia Weldon, Paula J. Clayton, Lee Robins, and James Anthony are discussed. This oral history consists of a series of seven interviews conducted in 1994. The interviews were transcribed and edited by the interviewer, Marion Hunt, in 1994. The transcription was corrected and annotated by the interviewee in 1995. Interviewed by Marion Hunt in 1994. OH066. Approximate Length 49 leaves.

Guze, Samuel B.

Viktor Hamburger Oral History

  • OH067
  • Collection
  • 6/30/1983

Viktor Hamburger discusses major points in his long career as an embryologist – his early work in Germany with Hans Spemann and the study of the organizer effect; his experience coming to the United States in 1932 as a Rockefeller fellow and staying on after Hitler’s “cleansing of the professions” in Germany; joining the faculty of Washington University and his research there. Hamburger talks about his colleagues such as Rita Levi-Montalcini and their discovery of naturally occurring neuronal death, his work with Levi-Montalcini and Stanley Cohen on the discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF), and his study of animal behavior development and motility. Interviewed by Dale Purves, M.D. on June 30, 1983. OH067. Approximate Length 80 minutes.

Hamburger, Viktor

M. Kenton King Oral History

  • OH069
  • Collection
  • November 1991

Interviewed by Marion Hunt in 1991.

King, M. Kenton (Morris Kenton)

Henry V. Kirby Oral History

  • OH070
  • Collection
  • 5/5/1983

Kirby relates how he was a fifth generation graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine, and its antecedent institutions, the Missouri Medical College and the St. Louis Medical College. He talks of returning to Arkansas to take over his uncle’s medical practice in the early 1930s, helping to found the first hospital in Harrison, Arkansas, and serving in the Medical Corps during World War II. This interview was recorded during the 50th reunion of the Washington University School of Medicine Class of 1933. Lloyd L. Penn, another member of the class of 1933, joins in the interview, as does another unidentified alumnus. The interview ends abruptly. Interviewed by Casey Croy on May 5, 1983. OH070. Approximate Length 45 minutes.

Kirby, Henry V.

Helen E. Nash Oral History

  • OH073
  • Collection
  • 4/20/1999

Nash discusses growing up in Atlanta as the child of a successful African-American physician father and music teacher mother. She relates some of her experiences attending Meharry Medical College in the early 1940s and coming to St. Louis for her internship and residency at Homer G. Phillips Hospital. Nash discusses establishing and running a successful solo pediatric practice and the racism and sexism she faced during her professional career. She also discusses her mentor, Park J. White, and some of their experiences fighting segregation in medical care in St. Louis. Interviewed by Marion Hunt on April 20, 1999. OH073. Approximate Length 71 minutes.

Nash, Helen E.

H. Mitchell Perry Oral History

  • OH074
  • Collection
  • December 16, 1997

Interviewed by Paul Anderson and Dr. Mabel Purkerson in 1997. Approximate Length: 6 hours.

Perry, H. Mitchell (Horace Mitchell)

Helen Wells Stevenson and Lucy Stevenson Oral History

  • OH075
  • Collection
  • 4/21/1983

Helen Wells Stevenson and Lucy Stevenson discuss the life and career of Paul H. Stevenson (1890-1971). Stevenson received his B.S. degree from Hiram College in Hiram, Ohio in 1913 and his medical degree from Washington University School of Medicine in 1916. His widow and sister relate stories about Stevenson’s career as an anatomist and anthropologist at the Peking Union Medical College, where he worked in the 1920s and 1930s under the auspices of the Rockefeller Foundation and the China Medical Board. They also discuss Stevenson’s work and interaction with prominent colleagues, such as Davidson Black and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin and Swedish explorer Sven Hedin. Stevenson’s experiences in Burma and India during World War II, as part of the United States Public Health Service, is covered. Helen Stevenson describes her husband’s interest in public health issues, especially those concerning mental illness and alcoholism, and his work as a consultant after the war in those areas. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on April 21 and July 18, 1983. OH075. Approximate Length 98 minutes.

Stevenson, Helen Wells

Arthur E. Strauss Oral History

  • OH076
  • Collection
  • 9/18/1959

Strauss begins by discussing otolaryngologist Hanau W. Loeb and his role in the early history of St. Louis University Medical School and the development of Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. While relating being called in to help treat Loeb, Strauss discusses his training as a cardiologist and describes the first electrocardiograms. He relates his experiences leading up to his service in World War I and his experiences during the war working as a cardiologist in England and France. Strauss recalls returning to St. Louis after the war and his subsequent work as head of the cardiac clinic at Washington University and at the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. Strauss talks about his interactions with several prominent early physicians and cardiologists, including Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt and James McKenzie. The conversation returns to the discussion of Hanau Loeb, and Strauss reads a published tribute to Loeb written by prominent St. Louis rabbi Leon Harrison. Strauss recalls two men who influenced him in his career as a physician, Jesse S. Myer and Albert E. Taussig. The interviewers and Strauss then talk about generational changes in medical training and practice, including the lack of exposure to medical “greats” and the lack of respect shown by local hospital house staffs. Some of the audio recording is distorted (at approximately 71 minutes in); the volume of the recording is not consistent. Interviewed by Gerhard E. Gruenfeld and Barrett L. Taussig on September 18, 1959. OH076. Approximate Length 147 minutes.

Strauss, Arthur E.

Ira J. Hirsh Oral History

  • OH077
  • Collection
  • January 12, 2006

Interviewed by Mara Mills in 2006. Approximate Length: 72 minutes.

Hirsh, Ira J.

Lloyd L. Penn Oral History

  • OH078
  • Collection
  • 5/5/1983

Penn discusses his legacy as a third generation graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine and its antecedent institutions, the Missouri Medical College and the St. Louis Medical College. Penn describes moving to San Francisco during the Depression and starting his medical career there. He also tells of his service as a surgeon during World War II. This interview was recorded during the 50th reunion of the Washington University School of Medicine Class of 1933. The audio quality is poor. The interview begins in the middle of the interviewer's introduction. Interviewed by Casey Croy on May 5, 1983. OH078. Approximate Length 22 minutes.

Penn, Lloyd L.

John C. Herweg Oral History (OH079)

  • OH079
  • Collection
  • March 2005

Candace O'Connor conducted the interview with John Herweg as part of her research in the history of the St. Louis Children’s Hospital for the hospital’s 125th anniversary publication. Approximate Length: 1 hour and 53 minutes.

O'Connor asked John Herweg to discuss his experiences at St. Louis Children's Hospital during the Alexis Hartmann era, 1936-early 1960s. As a medical student at Washington University in 1942-1945. he found the milieu at Children's Hospital was exciting in the 1940s when sulfide drugs and penicillin were new. For him the milieu was fostered by professors Alexis Hartmann and Jean Valjean. and by the young patients at St. Louis Children's Hospital .

Herweg, John C.

Jerome R. Cox Oral History

  • OH080
  • Collection
  • 6/7/2006

Cox comments on influential colleagues such as Harold Edgerton, Leo Beranek, Hallowell Davis, Michel Ter-Pogossian, Charles Molnar, Wesley A. Clark. He discusses his early work at CID, establishment and work of the Biomedical Computer Laboratory (BCL) and Computer Research Laboratory (CRL) at Washington University, and developments in biomedical computing, PET scanning, and computer technology applications.Interviewed by Simon Igielnik on June 7, 2006. OH080. Approximate Length by 167 minutes.

Cox, Jerome R., Jr.

Results 61 to 80 of 153