Collection RG027 - Neurology and Neurological Surgery Department Records


Reference code


Level of description



Neurology and Neurological Surgery Department Records


  • 1950-1984 (Creation)


12.00 Linear Feet

Name of creator


Administrative history

Although now separated into standalone departments within the Washington University School of Medicine, neurology and neurosurgery came together as one department in 1974 when the neurosurgery division of the school's surgery department joined the neurology department. During this time, the department had two chairmen. William Landau, MD remained head of neurology, and Sidney Goldring, MD became head of neurosurgery. The two served as co-chair of the newly named Department of Neurology and Neurological Surgery. The arrangement of having two chairmen for the department lasted until 2002, when neurology and neurosurgery separated to become independent departments within the medical school.

Name of creator


Administrative history

Washington University's department of neurology became an independent department within the medical school in 1963 under chairman James O'Leary. Prior to that time, neurology had been a paired with several other departments within the university, including the former Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, the former Department of Neuropsychiatry, and as a division within the medicine department.

Name of creator


Administrative history

In 1910, Ernest Sachs, MD was recruited to Washington University to develop neurosurgery at the medical school. Although initially a member of the department of surgery, Sachs was named professor of neurosurgery in 1919, the first professorship in the world in this developing specialty. Sachs established a training program in neurosurgery at Barnes Hospital, which became an integral part of the development of this specialty in the United States.

In 1946, Sachs retired as chief of neurosurgery and was succeeded by Henry G. Schwartz, MD. Schwartz was a superb clinical surgeon who was extremely interested in the training of residents. He fostered strong ties to the neurology service and the basic neuroscience programs, and under his leadership, the neurosurgical program developed a strong commitment to basic and clinical research. Many of his trainees continued in academic neurosurgery and became leaders in the specialty.

Scope and content

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Transfer, 22 November 2010, Dr. Robert L. Grubb, Professor of Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurology and Neurological Surgery (2010-035 Neurology and Neurological Surgery Department Records)

Transfer, 22 April 2009, Dr. Robert L. Grubb, Professor of Neurological Surgery, Department of Neurology and Neurological Surgery (2009-026 5 DVDs )

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information


Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

Related descriptions

Specialized notes

Alternative identifier(s)

Rules or conventions

"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

Sources used

Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Accession area