Name and location of repository
Level of description
Neurology and Neurological Surgery Department Records
- 1950-1984 (Creation)
12.00 Linear Feet
Name of creator
Although now separated into standalone departments within the Washington University School of Medicine, neurology and neurosurgery came together as one department in 1974 when the neurosurgery division of the school's surgery department joined the neurology department. During this time, the department had two chairmen. William Landau, MD remained head of neurology, and Sidney Goldring, MD became head of neurosurgery. The two served as co-chair of the newly named Department of Neurology and Neurological Surgery. The arrangement of having two chairmen for the department lasted until 2002, when neurology and neurosurgery separated to become independent departments within the medical school.
Name of creator
Washington University's department of neurology became an independent department within the medical school in 1963 under chairman James O'Leary. Prior to that time, neurology had been a paired with several other departments within the university, including the former Department of Psychiatry and Neurology, the former Department of Neuropsychiatry, and as a division within the medicine department.
Name of creator
In 1910, Ernest Sachs, MD was recruited to Washington University to develop neurosurgery at the medical school. Although initially a member of the department of surgery, Sachs was named professor of neurosurgery in 1919, the first professorship in the world in this developing specialty. Sachs established a training program in neurosurgery at Barnes Hospital, which became an integral part of the development of this specialty in the United States.
In 1946, Sachs retired as chief of neurosurgery and was succeeded by Henry G. Schwartz, MD. Schwartz was a superb clinical surgeon who was extremely interested in the training of residents. He fostered strong ties to the neurology service and the basic neuroscience programs, and under his leadership, the neurosurgical program developed a strong commitment to basic and clinical research. Many of his trainees continued in academic neurosurgery and became leaders in the specialty.
Scope and content
System of arrangement
Conditions governing access
The collection is open and accessible for research.
Conditions governing reproduction
Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.
Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.
For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (email@example.com).
Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.
Languages of the material
Scripts of the material
Language and script notes
Immediate source of acquisition
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information
Existence and location of originals
Existence and location of copies
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"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."
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