Collection VC113 - Vilray P. Blair Certificates and Artifacts

Certificate of Appointment to Medical Colonel, Army of the United States. Membership Certificate, National Social Science Honor Society of Pi Gamma Mu. Fellowship Certificate, American College of Surgeons. Honorary Membership Certificate, The Dental Forum of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Honorary Membership Certificate, Los Angeles Surgical Society. Honorary Membership Certificate, The American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Fellowship Certificate, The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma. Membership Certificate, Western Surgical Association. Membership Certificate, Mississippi Valley Medical Society. Honorary Membership Certificate, Mississippi Valley Medical Society. Honorary Fellowship Certificate, The Southeastern Surgical Congress.

Description

Reference code

VC113

Level of description

Collection

Title

Vilray P. Blair Certificates and Artifacts

Date(s)

  • 1910-1955 (Creation)

Extent

3.35 Linear Feet

Name of creator

(1871-1955)

Biographical history

Vilray Papin Blair is most known for his pioneering work in plastic surgery. A native of St. Louis, Blair graduated from Christian Brothers College in 1890 and subsequently enrolled in the St. Louis Medical College. There he was greatly influenced by Elisha Hall Gregory, a professor of surgery. He graduated in 1893 and began an internship at Mullanphy Hospital under distinguished surgeon Paul Yoer Tupper.

In 1894 Blair was appointed instructor with the Anatomy Department of St. Louis Medical College (which had joined Washington University in 1891). In 1896 he took a leave from medicine to join the crew of a merchant vessel bound for Europe, a decision that led to him becoming a ship surgeon for a journey to Brazil and then a military surgeon for British troops sailing to West Africa.

Upon his return to St. Louis in 1900, Blair established a private surgical practice and resumed teaching at the School of Medicine. He was named to the visiting staff of St. Louis City Hospital in 1910. In 1917 Blair joined the U.S. Army Corps entering World War I and was named chief of oral and plastic surgery. On his return to St. Louis he was active in the Medical Reserve Corps and served as attending specialist in plastic surgery at the Jefferson Barracks Veterans Hospital.

Blair served as assistant professor of clinical surgery at the School of Medicine in 1922 and was named professor in 1927. He also served as professor of oral surgery at the Washington University School of Dentistry. He became an emeritus professor of both schools in 1941. Throughout his career, Blair published many influential books and articles in the areas of plastic and oral surgery. Another foremost achievement was his leadership in creating the American Board of Plastic Surgery, which helped seal his place as a pioneer in establishing plastic surgery as a unique branch of medicine.

Scope and content

This collection consists of 20 certificates and artifacts from Vilray P. Blair. Certificates include diplomas, membership certificates, Board certifications, and Army appointments. The collection also includes two plaster casts: a cast of Blair's face and a cast of his right hand.

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (arb@wusm.wustl.edu).

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information

Accruals

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

Related descriptions

Specialized notes

Alternative identifier(s)

Rules or conventions

"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

Sources used

Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places