August Carl Schulenburg Photographs

Studio portrait of August Carl Schulenburg. Studio portrait of August Carl Schulenburg. Studio portrait of August Carl Schulenburg. Group portrait of August Carl Schulenburg (standing), with his uncle Johann Christian Schulenburg... Studio portrait of Dr. Carl August Richard Schulenburg and his wife Ellen Percy Isobel. N.B. Carson and N. Glasgow. Studio portrait of Lauren V. Ackerman. Lecture room at Washington University School of Medicine. Stethoscope demonstration in the lecture room at Washington University School of Medicine. Official souvenir postcard of the St. Louis World's Fair featuring the Government Building. Business card of Richard Kretschmar, Pastor of Emmaus Kirche, 2114 Victor Street, St. Louis, Miss... View of the front steps and portico of St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Interior view of the foyer of St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Interior view of the chapel, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Sisters of Charity nun wearing a cornette, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Woman reading in a library, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Interior view of a room with a piano, table, and chairs, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Interior view of a hallway, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. View of a statue of a female saint, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. Group portrait of nun and nurses, St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital.
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Reference code


Level of description



August Carl Schulenburg Photographs


  • 1903-1906 (Creation)


0.2 cubic feet (1 box)

Name of creator


Biographical history

August Carl Schulenburg was born in 1879 in North West Province (former Transvaal), South Africa. His father was a German-born medical missionary. Schulenburg was educated in Afrikaans-speaking schools and came to think of himself as an Afrikaner, or "Boer." When the conflict known as the Anglo-Boer War broke out in 1899, Schulenburg enlisted and fought until his unit was captured in 1901. He and others were sent as prisoners of war across the Atlantic to a camp on a small island in the harbor of Bermuda. Released when the war ended in 1902, he decided to take advantage of his proximity to North America by visiting relatives, also German immigrants, who had settled in various states of the U.S. Midwest. While visiting an uncle living near Boonville, Missouri he was admitted to study at Washington University Medical Department in St. Louis in 1903 graduating in 1906. He was an intern in 1906-1907 at St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital, a predecessor of today's DePaul Hospital of north St. Louis County. Toward the end of this year, he considered an offer to practice in the St. Louis area, but was prevailed upon by his family to return home to South Africa in late 1907. The British colonial government did not honor his American diploma and in order to practice as a licensed physician he traveled to London and enrolled at Guy's Hospital Medical College, finishing in 1909. Schulenburg spent most of his career as a general practitioner in Ventersdorp and Potchefstroom, cities of the former Transvaal. In the Afrikaner medical community he was particularly well-known, serving on the council of the national medical society and the council of Potchefstroom University (now North-West University). He died in 1964.

Scope and content

This collection consists of 94 photographs, primarily depicting portraits and scenes from August Carl Schulenburg's internship year at St. Louis Mullanphy Hospital. The collection also includes a few portraits of August Carl Schulenburg, classroom scenes from Washington University School of Medicine, and a souvenir postcard from the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis.

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Conditions governing access

The collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

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"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

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© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

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