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Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital, Vertical File
0.02 Linear Feet
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The Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital was established following a devastating tornado that destroyed St. Louis City Hospital on May 27, 1896. The city set up temporary facilities for the City Hospital patients in the House of the Good Shepherd, but the overflow of patients resulted in cancer patients being turned away. Recognizing that cancer patients needed a facility exclusively dedicated to cancer treatment, the St. Louis Skin and Cancer Hospital opened on a trial basis in 1905 in the old Tuholske Private Hospital at 410 N. Jefferson Avenue. Having proved its worth, the hospital erected a new, 44-bed facility at 3427 Washington Avenue on December 20, 1910. George D. Barnard funded the construction of the new $135,000 building and consequently the hospital was renamed Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital in his honor.
The hospital's three main purposes were treatment, research, and education. Patients were treated only if they were unable to pay for their care and this treatment was provided at no cost to the patients. Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital was a pioneer in public education about cancer and these efforts allowed the community to understand the need for early detection in cancer cases. In addition to its impressive educational contributions, the hospital staff also engaged in research to discover new ways of treating and preventing cancer. The first methods of conducting surgery to remove cancer in the shoulder and hip were developed at Barnard Hospital. Over time, more and more of the research aspect of the hospital was affiliated with Washington University.
In 1952, Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital officially affiliated with Washington University School of Medicine. On October 13, 1954, a new 40-bed building was dedicated on the Medical School campus for the hospital. That building still stands and is now a part of Barnes-Jewish Hospital. The affiliation with Washington University caused the Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital to shift from an independently organized free cancer hospital serving low income patients to a university-affiliated, research-oriented teaching hospital. In 2000, Alvin J. Siteman donated $35 million for the foundation of the Siteman Cancer Center, which incorporated the cancer treatment and research aspects of Barnard Free Skin and Cancer Hospital.
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The Vertical File Collection is open and accessible for research.
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Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.
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Related archival materials
See also Edwin Meissner files; See also Elizabeth Burns files; See also Frederick Hermann files; See also John R. Shepley files; See also Norfleet Rand files.
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"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."
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