Collection VF01757 - de Duve, Christian, Vertical File

Description

Reference code

VF01757

Level of description

Collection

Title

de Duve, Christian, Vertical File

Date(s)

Extent

0.02 Linear Feet

Name of creator

(1917-2013)

Biographical history

Belgian cytologist and biochemist Christian de Duve discovered lysosomes (the digestive organelles of the cell) and peroxisomes (organelles that are the site of metabolic processes involving hydrogen peroxide). In 1974 de Duve shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Albert Claude and George E. Palade "for their discoveries concerning the structural and functional organization of the cell."

De Duve was born in 1917 in Thames-Ditton (near London), where his Belgian parents had taken refuge during the First World War. The family returned to Belgium in 1920 and settled in Antwerp. De Duve entered the Catholic University of Louvain (Universite catholique de Louvain) in 1934. Though initially interested in a career as a physician, de Duve became increasingly attracted to scientific research while working in the physiology laboratory of J.P. Bouckaert. After receiving his medical degree in 1941, de Duve pursued an advanced degree in chemistry which was awarded in 1946. Wishing to further his training in biochemistry, de Duve began an eighteen month appointment at the Medical Nobel Institute in Stockholm, in the laboratory of Hugo Theorell, who was to receive the Nobel Prize in 1955. De Duve then spent six months as a Rockefeller Foundation fellow at Washington University School of Medicine, working in the laboratory of Carl and Gerty Cori, who received the Nobel Prize while he was there. While in St. Louis de Duve also collaborated with Earl Sutherland, who became a Nobel laureate in 1971.

In 1947 de Duve joined the faculty of the Catholic University of Louvain. From 1962 he simultaneously headed research laboratories at Louvain and at Rockefeller University in New York City. In 1974 De Duve founded the International Institute of Cellular and Molecular Pathology (ICP), a multidisciplinary biomedical research institute hosting several laboratories of the faculty of Medicine of Catholic University of Louvain. De Duve retired as professor emeritus of biochemistry from Catholic University of Louvain and Rockefeller University in 1985 and 1988, respectively. He directed the ICP until 1991; it was renamed the Christian de Duve Institute of Cellular Pathology in 1997.

Source: http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/mig/bios/deduve.html

Scope and content

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The Vertical File Collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (arb@wusm.wustl.edu).

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

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Related archival materials

See also Nobel Prize Winners files.

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"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

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Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

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