Collection VF03091 - Hartroft, Phyllis M., Vertical File


Reference code


Level of description



Hartroft, Phyllis M., Vertical File


  • 1955-1975 (Creation)


0.02 Linear Feet

Name of creator


Biographical history

Phyllis Merritt was born February 1, 1928 in Detroit, Mich., the daughter of Dr. Earl Merritt and Jacqueline Merritt. She earned a bachelor's degree at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1949. In her senior year, she began studies of the physiology of blood pressure with her mentor, Dr. David Bohr. Phyllis Hartroft became Phyllis Merritt Hartroft when she married W. Stanley Hartroft in 1950. She continued blood pressure studies especially the effect of salt and DOCA on the renal juxtaglomerular cells, at the University of Toronto under W. Stanley Hartroft and earned an M.A. in 1951 and a Ph.D. in 1954.

She continued to work on the physiology of blood pressure with Hartroft at Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine, where they moved in 1954. They published the first of numerous pa­pers on the physiology of the kidney and high blood pressure in 1953. Although they later divorced Phyllis Har­troft credited him with having a profound influence on her career.

Much of the blood pressure work for which she was acclaimed was done at Washington University between 1954-61 when she was a member of the medical school fac­ulty for the first of two intervals. She moved quickly up the ladder from research assistant in 1955 to research assistant professor in 1961. He was professor of pathology and chair of the department of pathology. Subse­quently, she was associated with the Re­search Institute of The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and then the Indi­ana University faculty.

In 1966, she re­tumed to the Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine to continue her investigation of the physiology of blood pressure and its effect on the kidneys at Tyson Research Center. In 1970, Dorothy Brockhoff interviewed her at Tyson as she worked, about current blood pressure studies and a new study of the effects of pollution on animals at the Tyson research center with Marshall Kuhn III. In 1975, Dorothy Brockoff featured Phyllis Hartroft at Tyson with Marie Greider, her friend and colleague, at Tyson research Center. The focus was a the environmental study of the effects of pollution on animals. Department chair Paul E. Lacy and students in her group are featured.

She retired in 1985 from Washington University and moved to Licking County, Ohio with her friend and fellow WUSM pathologist, Marie H. Greider. Throughout her professional career, she taught and conducted research on the endocrine system, kidney function and hypertension. She died in 2014.

Source: Brockhoff, Dorothy, Pastoral Pathologist, Washington University Magazine, Summer 1975, page 1-7 (with photos page 1-2) & Dr. Phyllis Merritt Hartroft, Newark Advocate, Published in the Advocate on Sept. 23, 2014,

Scope and content

System of arrangement

Conditions governing access

The Vertical File Collection is open and accessible for research.

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Preferred Citation:

Item description, Reference Code, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis.

Languages of the material

  • English

Scripts of the material

  • Latin

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information


Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related archival materials

Related descriptions

Specialized notes

Alternative identifier(s)

Rules or conventions

"Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition (DACS), 2013."

Sources used

Archivist's note

© Copyright 2019 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives. All rights reserved.

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places