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Authority record

Wrighton, Mark S.

  • Person
  • Born 1949

Mark S. Wrighton is earned his Ph.D. in 1972 from the California Institute of Technology, then joined the faculty of the chemistry department at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as an assistant professor. Wrighton left MIT to become chancellor of Washington University in St. Louis in 1995, and served in that role until 2019, when he was succeeded by Andrew D. Martin.

Wu, Rukang

  • Person
  • 1916-2006

Wu Rukang was a Chinese paleo-anthropologist.

Wu, Yingkai

  • Person
  • 1910-2003

Ying-Kai Wu, also known as Y. K. Wu, was born in the town of Xinmin in northeastern China. In 1933, he graduated from the Moukden Medical College, located in present-day Shenyang. Wu then trained in surgery at the prestigious Peking Union Medical College in Beijing. There, he served as chief resident in surgery in 1938 and joined their staff as an instructor in surgery the following year. Two years later, his scholastic talent, surgical skill and fluency in English earned him a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship to study thoracic surgery at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and Barnes Hospital. Wu arrived in St. Louis in 1941 to begin his fellowship. Already an accomplished surgeon in his own right, he trained for a year and a half under Evarts Graham, one of the most prominent surgeons of the 20th century. Following his thoracic surgery rotation at Barnes Hospital, Wu continued his fellowship at Koch Hospital in St. Louis to hone his skills in treating tuberculosis and to research esophageal cancer. This stint was an influential development in Wu's career as he would later earn international recognition for his work in these areas. Following the U.S.'s entry into World War II, Wu was eager to return to Japanese-occupied China in order to assist with the war effort. He found an opportunity in 1943 when many Japanese forces were diverted to the Philippines and other islands in the Pacific Ocean to fight American and Allied forces. Prior to Wu's departure from St. Louis, Graham gave him 30 letters of introduction to prominent surgeons throughout the U.S. This gift allowed Wu to spend four months visiting the best American surgical clinics before returning to his home country. Upon arriving in China in October 1943, Wu became head of surgery at Central Hospital in Chongqing. Wu then returned to Peking Union Medical College in 1948 to serve as an associate professor and was promoted to chief of surgery in 1950. Wu suffered a major setback to his academic career during the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). Peking Union Medical College, as well as many other Chinese universities, closed during this time when professors, academics and intellectuals were accused of elitism and systematically 're-educated' in rural labor camps. Wu performed manual labor for four years in the late 1960s before he was allowed to resume his work on esophageal cancer. Despite this interruption, Wu remained an internationally respected surgeon. In 1979, When the political climate in China improved, Peking Union Medical College reopened and Wu was finally able to attend international conferences. He visited the U.S. more than a dozen times in the 1980s, including a return to Washington University in 1980 to serve as a visiting professor of surgery ' 37 years after completing his fellowship under Evarts Graham. Source: https://becker.wustl.edu/news/wu-comes-wu/

Wu, Yingkai

  • Person
  • 1910-2003

Yingkai Wu was a cardiothoracic surgeon who introduced many modern research and clinical techniques to China. From 1941-1944, Wu studied advances in chest surgery under Evarts A. Graham at Washington University School of Medicine. Wu returned to China and became the director of surgery at Peking Union Medical College in 1948.

Wulff, George J. L., Jr.

  • Person
  • 1909-1998

George J. L. Wulff, Jr. earned both his bachelor's and medical degrees (M. D. 1933) from Washington University and served as a Lt. colonel and colonel in the Army Medical Corps during World War II. After he trained with the 21st General Hospital. he became commander of the 12th Field Hospital in September 1942. After the war Wulff worked in private practice for 40 years. He was on the staff of Deaconess Hospital, Barnes Hospital, and St. Luke's Hospital, where he was chief of the obstetrics-gynecology department. He was also a professor at Washington University School of Medicine.

Obituaries: George J.L. Wulff Jr., emeritus professor of obstetrics and gynecology, Washington University Record, 22 January 1998, page & 12th Field Hospital, Unit History, WW2 Us Medical Research Centre, https://www.med-dept.com/unit-histories/12th-field-hospital/

Wurtz, Robert H.

  • Person
  • Born 1936

Robert H. Wurtz is a neuroscientist who works as a NIH Distinguished Scientist and Chief of the Section of Visuomotor Integration at the National Eye Institute.

Wyman, Walter

  • Person
  • 1848-1911

Walter Wyman graduated from St. Louis Medical College in 1873. in 1876, Wyman joined the U.S. Marine Hospital Service as assistant surgeon. The Marine Hospital Service was renamed the U.S. Public Health and Marine Hospital Service, and Wyman's title also changed from supervising surgeon general to surgeon general. He was the first of three U.S. surgeons general to serve as chairman of the International Sanitary Bureau.

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