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George J. Engelmann (1847-1903) was a St. Louis native who worked as an obstetrician and gynecologist. He was the son of the famed botanist, George Engelmann, who had settled in St. Louis after emigrating from Germany. Engelmann graduated from Washington University in St. Louis in 1867 and continued his studies abroad in Europe in Berlin, Tubingen, Vienna, and Paris. During his time overseas, he volunteered as a surgeon in the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871).
Engelmann returned to the United States in 1873 and subsequently became a professor of gynecology at the St. Louis Post-Graduate School of Medicine, where he chaired the study of operative midwifery and female diseases. He was a founding member of the American Gynecological Society. His contributions to medicine include articles such as The use of electricity in gynecological practice (1886), History of obstetrics (1888), and Fundamental principles of gynecological electro-therapy; application and dosage (1891). In his free time, Engelmann devoted his interests to archaeology, having worked on sites throughout southern Missouri and exchanged specimens with museums in Europe and the United States.
Charles O. Curtman was born Karl Otto Curtman in Giessen, Germany and was a medical graduate of the university in his native city, where he was a student of Justus von Liebig. After working in Antwerp, Belgium as an industrial chemist, he emigrated to the United States and settled in New Orleans in 1850. When the Civil War began he was commissioned as a medical officer in a Confederate cavalry unit, but soon thereafter was assigned to direct the manufacture of medicines and explosives at army laboratories. After the war he practiced medicine in Memphis and from there was recruited to join the faculty of Missouri Medical College in St. Louis. He was Professor of Chemistry at the College from 1868 until 1874 and again from 1883 until his death.
Curtman also taught at the St. Louis College of Pharmacy (the two colleges maintained an informal affiliation) and was on the staff of the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works in the city. Too early to be considered a "biochemist," he was nonetheless a significant local pioneer in investigating and teaching laboratory science to medical and pharmacy students. He was the author of three laboratory manuals and numerous journal reviews of current scientific developments. At the very end of his life, he was among the first in St. Louis to investigate applications for the newly discovered principles of x-ray technology.
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In 1923 the Hospital built the Butler Ward, for the treatment of private and ward patients “of the Negro race.” In 1947, during a polio epidemic, the hospital was desegregated when it became clear that it was more important to provide room for contagious patients than for patients of color.
"Women and Childsaving" / Marion Hunt footnote 21 http://beckerexhibits.wustl.edu/mowihsp/articles/SLCH.htm#ref21
John C. Herweg (1922-2018) was the former Associate Dean for Student Affairs at Washington University School of Medicine who served in that role from 1965 to 1990. He also served as the chairman of the committee on admissions and as an advisor to medical students. As associate dean, Herweg guided student affairs through new channels, including active recruitment of minority students, providing support for the increasing number of women seeking a career in medicine, and steady direction during student protests.
Herweg earned his undergraduate degree from Drury College in Springfield, MO, and his medical degree from Washington University in 1945. He served a year-long internship at St. Louis Children's Hospital before serving as a captain in the U.S. Army Medical Corps from 1946 to 1948. Herweg returned to Children's Hospital as the chief resident after his military service.
In 1951, he joined the faculty at the School of Medicine as an instructor in pediatrics. Herweg was promoted to assistant professor in 1953 . From 1960 to 1962, he was a U.S. Public Health Post-Doctoral Fellow and assistant professor of microbiology at University of Minnesota School of Medicine. Upon his return to St. Louis in 1962, Herweg became the director of the Clinical Research Unit at St. Louis Children’s Hospital until 1970. During that period, he was promoted to associate professor of pediatrics in 1963 and later full professor in 1972.
Throughout his career, Herweg was active in the medical community. He served as chairman of the Central Region's Group on Student Affairs (GSA) of the Association of American Medical Colleges, vice-chairman of the National GSA, and chairman of the committee on admissions for the "13 Medical School Consortium." In the local medical organizations, Herweg served as the secretary-treasurer of the St. Louis Pediatric Society, and president of the St. Louis Children's Hospital Staff Society.
Dottie Glahn, the second of four children of Pastor Paul and Edna Glahn, was raised in Evansville, IL. After attending Southern Illinois University, Dottie earned her RN at the Washington University School of Nursing in 1947. On graduating, she accepted a position at St. Louis Children’s Hospital, where she rose to become head nurse on the infants’ ward.
In 1959, she married John C. Herweg, M.D. and became the mother to Marjorie, Mary Jo, and James. John was married to pediatrician, Janet Scovill in 1946. Janet.Scovill's died in 1958 at the age of 39. John and Dottie had one daughter, Jan Marie. They also had a loving, supportive marriage that lasted 59 years.
Helen Bulbrook Burch was a professor emeritus of pharmacology at Washington University School of Medicine. She was born in Greenville, Texas in 1906. She received her undergraduate degree from Texas Women's University in 1926, and both her M.S. (1928) and Ph.D. (1935) in Chemistry from Iowa State University.
From 1929 to 1936, Burch served as assistant professor of Chemistry at Milwaukee-Downer College. She then moved to New York, where she spent seventeen years doing research and teaching at institutions such as Columbia University and the Public Health Research Institute. Next, Burch joined the faculty of the Washington University School of Medicine's Department of Pharmacology as a research associate in 1953. She was promoted to associate professor in 1957 and full professor in 1974. Burch retired as professor emeritus and lecturer in Pharmacology in 1975, though she remained active as a researcher until the day before her death in 1987.
During the course of her long career, Burch earned an international reputation for her unique studies of the metabolic differences among the various parts of the kidney and was the author of over 90 scientific papers in the field of nutrition and metabolism. In addition, Burch is well-known for her work with the Rice Enrichment Project in Bataan after WWII. In 1948, she conducted a nutritional survey on 202 persons, finding evidence of multiple dietary deficiencies in the levels of various nutrients in the blood or serum. In the survey results, Burch found a positive correlation between low blood thiamine and the diagnosis of beriberi, as well as wide-spread anemia due to chronic deficiencies of iron and B-vitamins. She returned to Bataan in 1950 under the auspices of the William-Waterman Fund and the Nutrition Foundation, Inc., resurveying the population to check on the nutritional improvement which the rice enrichment program and other efforts to elevate the state of nutrition of the population had effected. In the summers of 1952 and 1956, she served as a consultant for the World Health Organization at the Institute of Nutrition for Central America and Panama, traveling to Guatemala to further study malnutrition.
M. Kenton King (1924-2009) became the first full-time dean of Washington University School of Medicine in 1965, a position he retained until his retirement in 1989 and thereby making him one of the longest-serving Medical School deans in the United States. His tenure brought much acclaim to the School of Medicine both academically, with the recruitment of new heads in every department, and physically, with the addition of the McDonnell Medical Sciences Building, Clinical Sciences Research Building, Becker Medical Library, and the renovation of the East Building. King's leadership also affected the composition of the student body as his recruitment efforts brought more minority and female students to Washington University.
Born on November 13, 1924, in Oklahoma City, King began his undergraduate studies at the University of Oklahoma. World War II interrupted his academic pursuits when he joined the U.S. Navy in 1943. He participated in the Battle of Okinawa and attained the rank of lieutenant prior to his discharge in 1946. A year later, King earned his bachelor's degree from the University of Oklahoma and decided to attend Vanderbilt University's School of Medicine on the G.I. Bill. He graduated in 1951, ranked seventh in his class. King then completed an internship and a residency at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis, becoming chief resident in 1955. When his mentor, W. Barry Wood, transferred to Johns Hopkins University in 1955, King followed and completed a fellowship in microbiology. He returned to Washington University in 1957 as a member of the preventive medicine faculty and head of the Student Health Service.
King's administrative contributions to Washington University School of Medicine began as associate dean in 1961, until he was promoted to dean of the School of Medicine in 1965. In 1967, he also became the first Danforth Professor of Medicine and Public Health. King met his wife, June Greenfield King, at Barnes Hospital. A 1951 graduate of the Washington University School of Nursing, June was also the head nurse on a Barnes Hospital medical and surgical ward. After his retirement in 1989, King remained active in university affairs, organizing the School of Medicine's 100th anniversary celebration in 1991. King died on October 15, 2009.
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When Mrs. Markey died on July 24, 1982, the Lucille P. Markey Charitable Trust was incorporated as a Florida nonprofit organization with 501(c)(3) status. The initial meeting of the Board of Trustees occurred in October 1983, and the Trust's Miami office opened on January 1, 1984. The trust completed all activities on June 15, 1997) http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n89638097
Reimut Wette was a German-American professor emeritus of biostatistics at the Washington University School of Medicine. Raised in Germany, Wette earned his master's degree in biology and his Ph.D. in biomathematics from the University of Heidelberg in the 1950s. He remained at the school as a member of its faculty until 1961 when University of Texas offered him the position of associate professor of biomathematics at the UT M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute in Houston. Wette then moved to the United States and taught at Texas until 1966.
At Washington University, he was a professor of biostatistics and applied mathematics. Wette founded and was named director of the new Division of Biostatistics in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health in 1966, where he remained until 1980. When he retired in 1990, the library of the Division of Biostatistics was named in his honor.
In Wette's career, he studied the problem-oriented development and application of mathematical-statistical methods for biomedical research, in addition to the mathematical biology of neoplastic growth and radiation response. Wette was a factor in increasing the statistical awareness in clinical research at the medical school. In the medical community, he was a member of numerous professional organizations, including the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Institute of Biological Sciences, and the American Statistical Association.
Hiromu Tsuchiya was a Japanese-American assistant professor emeritus of microbiology at Washington University School of Medicine who specialized in parasitology. Born in Osaka, Japan, Tsuchiya left for the United States in 1905 to study at University of Missouri-Columbia. Over the next fifteen years, he obtained his undergraduate degree from Mizzou, and a Ph.D. in protozoology (now parasitology) from Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. He met Jacques Bronfenbrenner, head of Bacteriology and Public Health at Washington University in St. Louis, who became his mentor. Bronfenbrenner offered him a research fellowship and, once Tsuchiya's abilities were proven, extended it for three additional years until 1934.
Tsuchiya researched various pathogenic microorganisms in the department laboratories, assisted the chief in preparation for lectures, and over time was assigned to address the students himself. He began offering his own course in 'medical zoology' in 1933 and quickly became a popular teacher. In 1934, he was promoted to the entry-level academic rank of instructor. Six years later, Tsuchiya was chosen to lead the clinical laboratories in his specialty at Barnes Hospital in 1940. In 1943, he reached the rank of assistant professor. Then, his research was directed mainly toward understanding and treating amebiasis. When Bronfenbrenner retired in 1952, Tsuchiya joined him in retirement before realizing it was too difficult. The next year, the department had changed its name to microbiology under its new chief, Arthur Kornberg, and welcomed him back to the staff.
Tsuchiya remained at Washington University until his second retirement in 1965 due to his declining health. He passed away in 1971 and named the microbiology department as his principal beneficiary.