Baumgarten, Gustav

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Baumgarten, Gustav

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Baumgarten, Heinrich Ernst Gustav

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Description area

Dates of existence

1837-1910

History

Gustav Baumgarten was born in Germany in 1837. His father, Friedrich Ernst Baumgarten, was a mining surgeon in the town of Clausthal in the Harz Mountains. In 1851 Gustav immigrated to St. Louis with his family. He enrolled in E. Wyman’s English and Classical High School. Like his father, Gustav was interested in medicine and earned a medical degree from St. Louis Medical College in 1856 with a thesis on nutrition. After graduating at 19 years old, he was not yet ready to practice medicine so he returned to his native country in 1857 to spend a year at the University of Göttingen in its Ernst-Augustus Hospital. Gustav also spent a year at the University of Berlin, working at nearby clinics and studying under Rudolph Virchow, the leading authority in cellular pathology at the time. He then spent a third year in Europe, studying at the University of Vienna and working at clinics in both Vienna and Prague. Upon his return to St. Louis, Gustav entered practice with his father, seeing patients at St. Louis Sisters of Charity and City Hospital. During the Civil War, he served as a naval surgeon in the Union Navy throughout the Gulf Coast and at the Memphis Naval Hospital. After the war, Gustav’s German fiancé joined him in St. Louis for marriage and family, raising three children as his medical practice took off. While he was a private physician for the rest of his career, Gustav was active in the local and national medical communities. He was a co-editor of the St. Louis Medical and Surgical Journal in 1866, contributed articles to the Reference Handbook of the Medical Sciences (1885), and served as president of the Association of American Physicians in 1899. In addition, Gustav joined the faculty at St. Louis Medical College in 1871 as a professor of physiology and medical jurisprudence and later professor of special pathology and therapeutics. He was a significant figure in the medical college’s independence from St. Louis University in 1872 and its affiliation with Washington University in 1891, along with the college’s merger with Missouri Medical College to become Washington University Medical Department in 1899-1900. He also served as the dean of the school during the merger. He passed down his medical practice to his son Walter in the early 1900s, and died in 1910 after a prolonged illness.

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Relationships area

Related entity

Baumgarten, Frederick Ernst (1810-1869)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Baumgarten, Frederick Ernst

is the parent of

Baumgarten, Gustav

Dates of the relationship

1837-1869

Description of relationship

Related entity

Baumgarten, Louise Beckmann (born 1815)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Baumgarten, Louise Beckmann

is the parent of

Baumgarten, Gustav

Dates of the relationship

1837-

Description of relationship

Related entity

Baumgarten, Theodora (3 Marz 1842-1910?)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Baumgarten, Theodora

is the sibling of

Baumgarten, Gustav

Dates of the relationship

1842-

Description of relationship

Related entity

Baumgarten, Joanna (Born 28 March 1840-15 August 1916)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

Baumgarten, Joanna

is the sibling of

Baumgarten, Gustav

Dates of the relationship

1840-1910

Description of relationship

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local

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