Blair, Vilray Papin, 1871-1955

Identity area

Type of entity


Authorized form of name

Blair, Vilray Papin, 1871-1955

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

  • Blair, Vilray P. (Vilray Papin), 1871-1955

Other form(s) of name

  • Blair, V. P., 1871-1955
  • Blair, Vilray P.
  • Blair, Vilray

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence



Vilray Papin Blair is most known for his pioneering work in plastic surgery. A native of St. Louis, Blair graduated from Christian Brothers College in 1890 and subsequently enrolled in the St. Louis Medical College. There he was greatly influenced by Elisha Hall Gregory, a professor of surgery. He graduated in 1893 and began an internship at Mullanphy Hospital under distinguished surgeon Paul Yoer Tupper.

In 1894 Blair was appointed instructor with the Anatomy Department of St. Louis Medical College (which had joined Washington University in 1891). In 1896 he took a leave from medicine to join the crew of a merchant vessel bound for Europe, a decision that led to him becoming a ship surgeon for a journey to Brazil and then a military surgeon for British troops sailing to West Africa.

Upon his return to St. Louis in 1900, Blair established a private surgical practice and resumed teaching at the School of Medicine. He was named to the visiting staff of St. Louis City Hospital in 1910. In 1917 Blair joined the U.S. Army Corps entering World War I and was named chief of oral and plastic surgery. On his return to St. Louis he was active in the Medical Reserve Corps and served as attending specialist in plastic surgery at the Jefferson Barracks Veterans Hospital.

Blair served as assistant professor of clinical surgery at the School of Medicine in 1922 and was named professor in 1927. He also served as professor of oral surgery at the Washington University School of Dentistry. He became an emeritus professor of both schools in 1941. Throughout his career, Blair published many influential books and articles in the areas of plastic and oral surgery. Another foremost achievement was his leadership in creating the American Board of Plastic Surgery, which helped seal his place as a pioneer in establishing plastic surgery as a unique branch of medicine.


Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

O'Leary, James L., 1904-1975 (1904-1975)

Identifier of the related entity


Category of the relationship


Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

son-in-law of Blair, Vilray Papin

Related entity

Brown, James Barrett (1899-1971)

Identifier of the related entity


Category of the relationship


Type of relationship

Brown, James Barrett

is the business partner of

Blair, Vilray Papin, 1871-1955

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Blair was the mentor of James Barrett Brown and was later his business partner.

Related entity

Blair, Vilray P., Jr. (1913-1988)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship


Type of relationship

Blair, Vilray P., Jr.

is the child of

Blair, Vilray Papin, 1871-1955

Dates of the relationship


Description of relationship

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points


Control area

Authority record identifier


Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used




Level of detail


Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Data entered into OCLC, ARN 6579956 on March 3, 2005
Entered into A to M, December 16, 2019 1:17 PM


  • English


  • Latin



  1. Cancer of the face and mouth, 1941: ǂb t.p. (Vilray P. Blair, M.D.)
  2. OCLC, Mar. 10, 2005 ǂb (hdg.: Blair, Vilray Papin, 1871-1955; Blair, Vilray Papin, b. 1871; usage: Vilray Papin Blair; Vilray P. Blair; V.P. Blair)
  3. Blair, Vilray P. 1919-1932. Folder 1 of 2.. FC003-S01-B21-F152 Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis. (V.P. Blair (SIGNATURE-all); Dr. Vilray Papin Blair (letterhead-all; To: Dr. V.P. Blair- 7; Dr. Vilray P. Blair-9; Dr. Vilray Papin Blair-2)

Maintenance notes

  • Clipboard

  • Export

  • EAC

Related subjects

Related places