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John T. Hodgen Collection | Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives

Collection Overview

Title: John T. Hodgen CollectionAdd to your cart.

ID: FC/FC095

Extent: 6.0 Linear Feet

Biographical/Historical Note

John Thomson Hodgen (1826-1882) was born in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He attended Bethany College in West Virginia and studied at the medical department of the University of Missouri (later Missouri Medical College). After graduating from medical school in 1848, he served as Assistant Resident Physician of St. Louis City Hospital for a year. Dr. Hodgen then practiced with Dr. Joseph N. McDowell in St. Louis. He joined the faculty of Missouri Medical College, serving as Demonstrator of Anatomy (1849-1853), Chair of Anatomy (1854-1862), and Chair of Physiology (1858-1862).

During the Civil War, Dr. Hodgen was appointed to the rank of Surgeon General of the State of Missouri in 1862. When Dr. McDowell sided with the Confederacy, Dr. Hodgen transferred his allegiance to the St. Louis Medical College where he served as the Chair of Physiology (1862-1868) and Dean of the College (1865-1882). In addition to his administrative duties at the St. Louis Medical College, Dr. Hodgen also taught clinical surgery at City Hospital from 1864-1882 and was a surgeon at St. Luke’s Hospital.

Dr. Hodgen was a member of the St. Louis Board of Health from 1867-1871, President of the St. Louis Medical Society in 1872, Chairman of the Surgical Section of the American Medical Association in 1873, president of the Missouri State Medical Association in 1874, a member of the International Medical Congress in 1876 and 1881, one of the founders of the American Surgical Association, and President of the American Medical Association in 1881.

Dr. Hodgen’s literary work consisted largely in contributions to medical journals. He edited the chapters on injuries to the chest and injuries of the abdomen in the American edition of A System of Surgery edited by Timothy Holmes. Some of his papers were on the surgery of shock, nerve sections for neuralgia, fractures, and thigh and skin grafting. Among the many surgical appliances devised by him are a wire suspension splint, a cradle splint, a snare for the for the removal of urethral calculi, a surgeon’s reel and artery forceps, and a simple siphon and stomach pump.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection consists of reprints, a bibliography, and biographical information on John T. Hodgen. Also included in the collection are original letters by him, a correspondence file on the Hodgens by descendant Stuart Mudd, reports and exhibits of an ethics case in 1867, and material on the Hodgen lectures, 1922-1982.


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: The collection is open and accessible for research.

Use Restrictions:

Users of the collection should read and abide by the Rights and Permissions guidelines at the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives.

Users of the collection who wish to cite items from this collection, in whole or in part, in any form of publication must request, sign, and return a Statement of Use form to the Archives.

For detailed information regarding use of this collection, contact the Archives and Rare Book Department of the Becker Library (

Related Materials: See also the John T. Hodgen photographs (VC218) at the Becker Medical Library.

Preferred Citation: [Item description, Box number, Folder number], John T. Hodgen Collection, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University School of Medicine.

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2: Box splint, circa 1853.],

Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Biographical information, 1870-1969.Add to your cart.
Accession 1990-061.
Folder 2: Hodgen, John T., M.D., 1826-1882.  A collection of his works and life assessment by his contemporaries, 1977.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Hodgen vs. Bauer, ethical case, St. Louis Medical Society (SLMS), [1867]-1871.Add to your cart.
Accession 1990-061.
Folder 4: Hodgen lectures (I), 1922-1982.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Hodgen lectures (II), 1922-1982.Add to your cart.
Accession 1990-061.
Folder 6: McMurray, John, 1862.Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Mudd, Stuart, 1973.Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Hodgen, John T., letter to Dr. Schlater, 1872.Add to your cart.
Found in rare book, G.B. Guenther Leitfaden zu den Operationen am menschlihken Koerper. Leipzig & Heidelberg: Winter, 1859.
Folder 9: Hodgen, John T., bio, “President of the American Medical Association “, undated.Add to your cart.
Found in rare book, G.B. Guenther Leitfaden zu den Operationen am menschlihken Koerper. Leipzig & Heidelberg: Winter, 1859.
Folder 10: Obituary of John T. Hodgen, in German, circa 1882.Add to your cart.
Found in rare book, G.B. Guenther Leitfaden zu den Operationen am menschlihken Koerper. Leipzig & Heidelberg: Winter, 1859.
Folder 11: Letter of agreement between Orin Campbell, MD and John T. Hodgen, MD, 1853.Add to your cart.
At the time of John Hodgen's matriculation into the Missouri Medical College he listed his preceptors as Dr. Worthington and Dr. Campell, presumably Dr. Orin Campbell.
Box 2: Box splint, circa 1853.Add to your cart.
Wooden box splint approximately 11 x 36 x 10 inches. Shelved with visual collections.

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