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Andrew B. Jones Oral History

  • OH046
  • Collection
  • October 10, 1980

In his oral history interview, Jones discusses some of his experiences as a medical officer during World War I. He also recalls some of the changes he witnessed over the years in the field of neurology and at the Washington University School of Medicine. Jones recalls some of his colleagues, such as Vilray P. Blair, George Dock, Ernest Sachs, and Sidney Schwab.

Interviewed by Paul Anderson in 1980. Approximate Length: 53 minutes. Grace Jones (Mrs. Andrew B. Jones) was also present and spoke during the interview.

Jones, Andrew B.

Arthur S. Gilson Oral History

  • OH047
  • Collection
  • 10/17/1980

Arthur Gilson discusses the research and activities of the Department of Physiology at the Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s and 1930s and several of his colleagues, such as Joseph Erlanger, Herbert Gasser, and George Bishop. He also talks of the axonologists, a discussion group first formed in 1930 at an American Physiological Society meeting. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on October 17, 1980. OH047. Approximate Length 39 minutes.

Gilson, Arthur S.

Arnold E. Schaefer Oral History

  • OH048
  • Collection
  • 11/7/1980

Schaefer discusses his work with the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (ICNND) in the 1950s and 1960s, and the organization’s work in coordinating projects and studies in nutrition and assisting developing countries to address nutrition problems of both civilian populations and military personnel. He talks about his service as a nutrition officer during World War II, the beginnings of United States government interest in the nutrition of foreign nations, the nutrition office in the U.S. Army Office of the Surgeon General, and the formation of the ICNND following the Korean War. Several of Schaefer’s colleagues are discussed, including Frank B. Berry, Harold R. Sandstead, and John B. Youmans. Schaefer describes the cooperation between the ICNND and the U.S. Navy medical research units, how ICNND surveys yielded valuable clinical research data, and how the ICNND projects established laboratories and trained personnel in developing countries. Schaefer also discusses other international projects on nutrition, the Food for Peace (PL-480) program, domestic U.S. nutrition surveys, and rivalries between various U.S. government agencies (such as the United States Agency for International Development – USAID) concerned with nutrition. This oral history contains language (including obscenities) that could be interpreted as offensive to some users. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on November 7, 1980. OH048. Approximate Length 170 minutes.

Schaefer, Arnold E.

Richard W. Hudgens Oral History

  • OH049
  • Collection
  • 4/28/1981

Hudgens relates some of his experiences as a student at WUSM in the 1950s and some of his influential professors, such as Edward Dempsey, Carl Moore, George Saslow, and Sam Guze. Hudgens also discusses the development of his interest in psychiatry, his medical residencies in Virginia and North Carolina, his experiences as a staff psychiatrist at the U.S. Air Force Hospital at Lackland AFB in Texas, and his experiences on the faculty and in the administration of the Washington University School of Medicine. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on April 28, 1981. OH049. Approximate Length 59 minutes.

Hudgens, Richard W.

Harriet Smith Kaplan Oral History

  • OH050
  • Collection
  • 5/6/1981

Kaplan discusses her experiences as a female medical student at Washington University School of Medicine in the 1950s, her internship at San Francisco General Hospital, her work in nuclear medicine and psychiatry, and colleagues and teachers such as Arthur Kornberg. She also compares medical students of the 1950s to those of the 1970s and 1980s. Interviewed by Paul Anderson on May 6, 1981. OH050. Approximate Length 77 minutes.

Kaplan, Harriet Smith

Tom F. Whayne Oral History

  • OH051
  • Collection
  • 5/7/1981

Whayne shares memories of his experiences at Washington University School of Medicine and teachers such as David P. Barr and Evarts A. Graham. He discusses his impressions as an intern at Missouri Baptist Hospital and as a resident at Missouri Pacific Hospital and his experiences in the Reserve Officers Corps at a Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Missouri. Whayne relates how he joined the Army Medical Corps during the Depression, and his assignments during the 1930s at Fitzsimmons General Hospital, Carlisle Barracks, and in Panama. The development of Whayne’s interest in tropical medicine, preventive medicine, and nutrition during the Second World War is covered. Whayne discusses colleagues such as Crawford Sams, Stanhope Bayne-Jones, and James Stevens Simmons. He also talks of his contribution to the U.S. Army Medical Department’s clinical series, Preventive Medicine in World War II. The interview concludes with a discussion about the meaning of the terms preventive medicine, public health, community medicine and family medicine, and Whayne’s experiences in academic medicine after his retirement from the military. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on May 7, 1981. OH051. Approximate Length 137 minutes.

Whayne, Tom F. (Tom French)

Estelle Brodman Oral History (OH052)

  • OH052
  • Collection
  • 11/22/1978

Dr. Brodman explains her pursuit of a degree in Library Science, her two years at Columbia University, and her early career in the Medical Library Association. Dr. Brodman then discusses her career at the National Library of Medicine and the differences between the Army Medical Library of the 1940s and the National Library of Medicine of the 1970s. She mentions the development of MEDLARS and GRACE and the demise of the Index Catalog. Dr. Brodman tells of coming to Washington University School of Medicine Library and changes in libraries over the decades. The several interviewers next respond to Dr. Brodman’s questions about the changes in the Washington University School of Medicine Library. The interview ends with Estelle Brodman’s statement on how fulfilling and exciting medical librarianship has been for her.

Dr. Brodman was interviewed in 1978 by several library staff members. The original transcript identifies the interviewers as “Mrs. Bertell and Others.” The identification of Mrs. Bertell was probably a transcription error as there is no record of a “Mrs. Bertell” on the Medical Library staff at that time. However, rosters of the staff suggest that “Mrs. Bertell” was actually Audrey K. Berteau, who served as head of public services from 1977-1979. Mrs. Berteau was the first interviewer. Where the interviewer is unknown, "INT" has been used. Interviewerd by:Audrey K. Berteau, Loretta Stucki, Barbara Halbrook, Betty Kulifay, Millard Johnson on November 22, 1978. OH052. Approximate Length: 17 leaves.

Brodman, Estelle

William S. Dock Oral History

  • OH053
  • Collection
  • 10/5/1981

Dock discusses his preclinical education in medical school in the late 1910s at Washington University School of Medicine and early research with cathode ray oscilloscopes. He talks about his father, George Dock, who was professor of medicine (1910-1922) and dean (1910-1912) of the WUSM, and the differences in medical education in his father’s and his generations. Dock discusses his impressions of members of the WUSM faculty, including Joseph Erlanger, Robert J. Terry, and Eugene Opie. He also relates some of his experiences as a pathology professor at several medical schools. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on October 5, 1981. OH053. Approximate Length 90 minutes.

Dock, William S.

Harry Agress Oral History

  • OH054
  • Collection
  • 4/22/1982

Agress discusses his medical studies at Washington University School of Medicine (St. Louis, Mo.) and the University of Minnesota (Minneapolis, Minn.); his service in World War II with the U.S. Army, 21st General Hospital, in Algeria, Italy, and France; and his civilian practice in St. Louis as a physician and pathologist. He speaks about some of his professors and colleagues, including Evarts A. Graham, Ernest Sachs, and Lee D. Cady, and some of his experiences at the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on April 22, 1982. OH054. Approximate Length: 93 minutes.

Agress, Harry

Francis O. Schmitt Oral History

  • OH055
  • Collection
  • 6/7/1982

Schmitt discusses his early interest in science and his decision to study physiology with Joseph Erlanger. He talks of his teachers and colleagues at Washington University, including Evarts A. Graham, Helen Tredway Graham, Herbert Gasser, George Bishop, Philip A. Shaffer, Carl Cori, and Viktor Hamburger. Schmitt describes Erlanger and Gasser’s research on action potentials that led to their receiving the Nobel Prize in medicine or physiology. There is also discussion of some of Schmitt’s research on kidney function with Harvey Lester White, his research on the excitability of heart muscle, and polarization optics. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on June 7, 1982. OH055. Approximate Length 93 minutes.

Schmitt, Francis Otto

Carl F. Cori Oral History

  • OH056
  • Collection
  • 10/18/1982

Cori recounts his education in Trieste and Prague and his service as a medic in World War I. He describes his early research in pharmacology in Europe and then his and his wife’s emigration to the U.S. when Cori accepted a position as chief biochemist at the State Institute for the Study of Malignant Disease in Buffalo, New York in 1922. The interview covers Cori’s acceptance of the position of head of the Department of Pharmacology at the Washington University School of Medicine in 1931, his gradual shift to the Department of Biochemistry and winning the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine with his wife and Bernardo Houssay in 1947. Cori discusses several of his colleagues at the Washington University School of Medicine, including Leo Loeb, Joseph Erlanger, Evarts A. Graham, Robert J. Terry, Oliver Lowry, and W. McKim Marriott.

The audio quality of the interview is inconsistent. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on October 18, 1982. OH056. Approximate Length 90 minutes.

Cori, Carl F.

Robert C. Kolodny Oral History

  • OH057
  • Collection
  • November 21, 2013

The interview concerns Kolodny's experiences as a medical student at the Washington University School of Medicine from 1965 until his graduation in 1969. He speaks of the realities of diversity and integration at the medical school at that time. He also talks about his experience with fellow students in creating a course on medical ethics. Faculty members specifically mentioned include Virginia Minnich and Sarah Luse. The interview was recorded on November 21, 2013. Approximate length is 58 minutes. OH057

Kolodny, Robert C.

Thomas A. Woolsey Oral History

  • OH058
  • Collection
  • February 8, 2016

This interview, recorded over two days, covers Woolsey's time as a medical student at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine from 1965 to 1969 and as a faculty member of the Washington University School of Medicine from 1971 to 2016. OH058

Woolsey, Thomas A.

Nathan Shock Oral History

  • OH059
  • Collection

Interviewed by Margaret Cowdry Hahn in 1984. Both recording and transcript are missing.

Clark Tibbits Oral History

  • OH060
  • Collection

Interviewed by Margaret Cowdry Hahn in 1984. Both recording and transcript are missing.

Bernard Becker Oral History

  • OH061
  • Collection
  • 10/19/1990

Transcript of 3 interviews with Bernard Becker conducted in the fall of 1990. In the first interview Becker describes his early years and education. He discusses his undergraduate studies at Princeton University and his mentor there, H. S. Taylor; his graduate studies at Harvard Medical School during World War II and his military service as a psychiatrist; and his post-war residency training and research with Jonas Friedenwald at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. In the second interview Becker describes the challenges of balancing clinical work, research, and administration as head of the Department of Ophthalmology at Washington University School of Medicine from 1953 to 1988. Becker discusses the expansion of the Department of Ophthalmology, his research in the causes and control of glaucoma, and his efforts to integrate the university’s affiliated hospitals. In the third interview, Becker describes the changes in academic medicine and research from the 1950s to the 1980s. He discusses some of the efforts leading to the establishment of the National Eye Institute in 1968, and his work to fund and construct a new medical library at Washington University. Following the 3rd interview is Dr. Becker's summary of his career. Interviewed by Marion Hunt on October 19, 1990; November 2, 1990, and unknown date [Fall 1990]. OH061. Approximate Length 30 leaves.

Becker, Bernard

Robert J. Glaser Oral History

  • OH062
  • Collection
  • 3/7/1985

Robert Glaser discusses his undergraduate and medical school experiences at Harvard University and his residency and years on the faculty as assistant and associate dean of the Washington University School of Medicine. Glaser explains his research in the uses of penicillin and his work in the rheumatic fever clinic during the late 1940s and 1950s. He also discusses some of his colleagues at Washington University, including Barry Wood, Robert A. Moore, Evarts A. Graham, and Carl Moore. Glaser discusses his experience serving as dean of the medical schools at Colorado and Stanford universities, and his work as a foundation executive of the Commonwealth Fund, the Kaiser Foundation and the Markey Charitable Trust. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on March 7, 1985. OH062. Approximate Length 130 minutes.

Glaser, Robert J.

Jerome E. Cook Oral History

  • OH063
  • Collection
  • 4/8/1961

Cook talks about Dr. Jesse S. Myer, gastroenterologist and biographer of William Beaumont. Cook also relates some of his experiences as a medical student in the early years of the 20th century and as an intern at St. Louis City Hospital. He describes the practice of medicine at that time and the prevalence and treatment of diseases such as typhoid fever, malaria, and syphilis.

There are several long pauses in the audio recording. Interviewed on April 8, 1961. OH063. Approximate Length 41 minutes.

Cook, Jerome E.

Leonore Goldstein Oral History

  • OH064
  • Collection
  • 11/20/1960

Leonore Goldstein discusses her husband Max A. Goldstein, his art and book collecting, his founding of the journal The Laryngoscope, and his founding of Central Institute for the Deaf in 1914. The audio quality of the recording is poor. Though there are two interviewers, the transcript does not reflect which interviewer is speaking. The tape ends abruptly. Interviewed by Mrs. Arnold Block and Mrs. Julius Elson on November 20, 1960. OH064. Approximate Length 33 minutes.

Goldstein, Leonore

Samuel B. Guze Oral History (OH065)

  • OH065
  • Collection
  • October 11, 1989

Interviewed by Richard W. Hudgens in 1989.

This is a five part interview on the history of the Neuropsychiatry department and the psychiatry department of Washington University School of Medicine. Part 1 begins with questions on the neuropsychiatry department in World War II beginning with Edward Gildea. He was a proponent of biological psychiatry, but was tolerant of the psychoanalysts on staff like his wife Margaret Gildea. Guze discusses the dynamic between the biologically oriented faculty Gildea appointed such as George Saslow, Eli Robins and George Winokur and himself. He also mentions George Ulett and David Graham. Guze explains how he got into psychiatry, when his initial goal was to be an internist. He also describes in the end of part 1 and beginning of part 2 how in 1955, Guze, Robins and Winokur, the three assistant professor in Psychiatry in 1955 went to Gildea with their plan for a biologically oriented psychiatry department. Gildea was supportive and they divided up duties. In the training of students, biological psychiatry emphasizes diagnosis and research, clinical studies of etiology including neuropathology, pharmacology, and neurochemistry. Eli Robins was the prime mover in the movement on regularizing diagnostic criteria. At the end of part 2, Guze discusses Gildeas strengths and weaknesses and is asked about Gildea's conflict with James O'Leary. Guze is asked how Eli Robins became head of the new Psychiatry Department. Dr. Ulett was also a contender for department chair. in part 3, Guze discusses Robins era and the effect of Eli's multiple sclerosis on his own research and the psychiatry department. In part 5, Guze discusses how he met Joy Guze, his wife and his childhood especially parents and grandparents and schooling. Antisemitic quotas affected admission to medical schools particularly before World War II.

Guze, Samuel B.

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