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Archival description
Oral History
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William B. Parker Oral History

  • OH021
  • Collection
  • 2/17/1976; 2/24/1976; 3/2/1976

In a series of three interviews, Parker relates some of the history of the Washington University School of Medicine and its administrative staff, operation and structure. He mentions the deans under which he served and names several of the members of the secretarial and support staff with who he worked over the years. The audio quality of the interview is inconsistent and there is intermittent background noise. There are several long pauses between questions and during some of the answers. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on February 17, February 24, and March 2, 1976. OH021. Approximate Length 72 minutes.

Parker, William B.

Lloyd L. Penn Oral History

  • OH078
  • Collection
  • 5/5/1983

Penn discusses his legacy as a third generation graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine and its antecedent institutions, the Missouri Medical College and the St. Louis Medical College. Penn describes moving to San Francisco during the Depression and starting his medical career there. He also tells of his service as a surgeon during World War II. This interview was recorded during the 50th reunion of the Washington University School of Medicine Class of 1933. The audio quality is poor. The interview begins in the middle of the interviewer's introduction. Interviewed by Casey Croy on May 5, 1983. OH078. Approximate Length 22 minutes.

Penn, Lloyd L.

Gerald T. Perkoff Oral History

  • OH013
  • Collection
  • 1/8/1974

Perkoff describes his accelerated educational experience at Washington University during World War II and his decision to accept an internship at the University of Utah. He discusses his early research in metabolic and hereditary diseases at the University of Utah, where he was on the faculty and chief of the medical service of the Veterans Administration Hospital. Perkoff relates his returning to St. Louis, his efforts at St. Louis City Hospital to establish a full-time Department of Medicine, and the founding of the Division of Health Care Research at the Washington University School of Medicine. There is an extended discussion of the establishment of a health maintenance organization at Washington University, the Medical Care Group, its structure, financial structure and goals, and its role in training physicians. Perkoff also discusses the delivery of health care in rural settings, his predictions for the development of allied health personnel programs, and the future of medical care delivery. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on January 8, 1974. OH013. Approximate Length 85 minutes.

Perkoff, Gerald T.

John A. Pierce Oral History

  • OH014
  • Collection
  • 4/3/1974

Pierce discusses the career of his colleague Alfred Goldman, a 1920 graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine and, for fifty years, a member of the clinical faculty of the school. Pierce describes some of Goldman’s early research on the effect of chilling on the development of upper respiratory disease, the physiology of hyperventilation, and tetany. Goldman’s great skill working and relating to both his patients and with students is described. Pierce comments on Goldman’s careful scholarship and tenacity as a researcher as well as his dedication to his family and to his patients. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on April 3, 1974. OH014. Approximate Length 32 minutes.

Pierce, John A.

Robert E. Shank Oral History

  • OH044
  • Collection
  • 6/27/1980

Shank discusses his student years at the Washington University School of Medicine and his research with Dr. David Barr; his research at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research during World War II; and his postwar research at the Public Health Research Institute for the City of New York. The conversation then focuses on the major research focus of Shank’s career – nutritional studies. Shank relates his experiences conducting nutritional study research in Newfoundland; the study of nutrition during war and the necessity of providing proper nutrition to troops; public health surveys conducted overseas under the auspices of the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense (ICNND); and his experiences as participant and consultant to the Public Health Service and the Indian Health Service. Shank comments on the challenge of improving nutrition standards in developing countries with steadily increasing populations and the role of the National Research Council and the Food Nutrition Board in the development of standards of recommended dietary allowances of nutrients. He also discusses the growth of the vitamin industry, nutrition in prepared and baby foods, and obesity. The discussion then covers the development of the WUSM Department of Preventive Medicine while Shank was its head – the Irene Walter Johnson Institute of Rehabilitation, the Medical Care Group under its initial director Gerald Perkoff, the division of biostatistics, Health Care Research, applied physiology, epidemiology, and lipid research. Interviewed by Paul G. Anderson on June 27, 1980. OH044. Approximate Length 130 minutes.

Shank, Robert E.

Nathan Shock Oral History

  • OH059
  • Collection

Interviewed by Margaret Cowdry Hahn in 1984. Both recording and transcript are missing.

Anne Brown Short Oral History

  • OH121
  • Collection
  • December 27, 2006

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 54 minutes.

Short, Anne Brown

Ruth Silberberg Oral History

  • OH020
  • Collection
  • 1/16/1976

Silberberg discusses differences in medical education in Europe and the United States. She also discusses changes in the field of pathology in general and in the Department of Pathology at the Washington University School of Medicine over the course of her career. Changes due to the development of electron microscopy are recalled, as well as the difficulties Silberberg encountered working under dean of the medical school and head of the pathology department, Robert A. Moore. Silberberg talks of leaving Germany because of the rise of Nazism and her husband and her coming to St. Louis to work in with Leo Loeb. She also describes her research in growth and aging, the study of osteoarthritis, and the relation of diabetes and joint disease. Sound level of audio recording is not consistent. Interviewed by Estelle Brodman on January 16, 1976. OH020. Approximate Length 53 minutes.

Silberberg, Ruth

Dave Sinacore Oral History

  • OH139
  • Collection
  • 2011-03-17

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM.

Anne Stewart Spitzmiller Oral History

  • OH123
  • Collection
  • May 10, 2007

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 34 minutes.

Spitzmiller, Anne Stewart

Frances Stewart Oral History

  • OH033
  • Collection
  • 5/17/1977

Stewart briefly discusses her experiences in medical school at the Washington University School of Medicine, her remembrances of professor Ernest Sachs, and her internship at St. Louis Maternity Hospital. Stewart recounts the beginning of the first contraceptive clinic in St. Louis, the Maternal Health Association of Missouri (later Planned Parenthood of St. Louis), and some of its founders, Frederick J. Taussig, Robert J. Crossen, and Helen Buss. She also recalls her work at the clinic and its development over the years. The interview concluded with a discussion about problems with medical malpractice insurance and the rising cost of medical care. Audio quality of interview is poor. Interviewed by William R. Massa on May 17, 1977. OH033. Approximate Length 32 minutes.

Stewart, Frances H.

Jennifer Stith Oral History

  • OH140
  • Collection
  • 2010-03-01

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM.

Arthur E. Strauss Oral History

  • OH076
  • Collection
  • 9/18/1959

Strauss begins by discussing otolaryngologist Hanau W. Loeb and his role in the early history of St. Louis University Medical School and the development of Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. While relating being called in to help treat Loeb, Strauss discusses his training as a cardiologist and describes the first electrocardiograms. He relates his experiences leading up to his service in World War I and his experiences during the war working as a cardiologist in England and France. Strauss recalls returning to St. Louis after the war and his subsequent work as head of the cardiac clinic at Washington University and at the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis. Strauss talks about his interactions with several prominent early physicians and cardiologists, including Sir Thomas Clifford Allbutt and James McKenzie. The conversation returns to the discussion of Hanau Loeb, and Strauss reads a published tribute to Loeb written by prominent St. Louis rabbi Leon Harrison. Strauss recalls two men who influenced him in his career as a physician, Jesse S. Myer and Albert E. Taussig. The interviewers and Strauss then talk about generational changes in medical training and practice, including the lack of exposure to medical “greats” and the lack of respect shown by local hospital house staffs. Some of the audio recording is distorted (at approximately 71 minutes in); the volume of the recording is not consistent. Interviewed by Gerhard E. Gruenfeld and Barrett L. Taussig on September 18, 1959. OH076. Approximate Length 147 minutes.

Strauss, Arthur E.

Donna Vickery Oral History

  • OH117
  • Collection
  • December 21, 2006

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 16 minutes.

Vickery, Donna

Thomas A. Woolsey Oral History

  • OH058
  • Collection
  • February 8, 2016

This interview, recorded over two days, covers Woolsey's time as a medical student at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine from 1965 to 1969 and as a faculty member of the Washington University School of Medicine from 1971 to 2016. OH058

Woolsey, Thomas A.

Helen Bartlett Oral History

  • OH087
  • Collection
  • July 21, 2006

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 65 minutes.

Bartlett, Helen

Bernard Becker Oral History

  • OH061
  • Collection
  • 10/19/1990

Transcript of 3 interviews with Bernard Becker conducted in the fall of 1990. In the first interview Becker describes his early years and education. He discusses his undergraduate studies at Princeton University and his mentor there, H. S. Taylor; his graduate studies at Harvard Medical School during World War II and his military service as a psychiatrist; and his post-war residency training and research with Jonas Friedenwald at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. In the second interview Becker describes the challenges of balancing clinical work, research, and administration as head of the Department of Ophthalmology at Washington University School of Medicine from 1953 to 1988. Becker discusses the expansion of the Department of Ophthalmology, his research in the causes and control of glaucoma, and his efforts to integrate the university’s affiliated hospitals. In the third interview, Becker describes the changes in academic medicine and research from the 1950s to the 1980s. He discusses some of the efforts leading to the establishment of the National Eye Institute in 1968, and his work to fund and construct a new medical library at Washington University. Following the 3rd interview is Dr. Becker's summary of his career. Interviewed by Marion Hunt on October 19, 1990; November 2, 1990, and unknown date [Fall 1990]. OH061. Approximate Length 30 leaves.

Becker, Bernard

George H. Bishop Oral History

  • OH004
  • Collection
  • 11/24/1969

Bishop discusses his collaboration with Drs. Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser on the properties of nerve fibers as recorded on the oscilloscope in the early 1920s at the Washington University School of Medicine. Interviewed by Walter W. Walker on November 24, 1969. OH004. Approximate Length 10 minutes.

Bishop, George H.

Isabelle Bohman Oral History

  • OH083
  • Collection
  • September 15, 2005

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 39 minutes.

Bohman, Isabelle

Marybeth Brown Oral History

  • OH145
  • Collection
  • March 21, 2012

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger, Director of the Program in Physical Therapy, WUSM. [OH147]

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