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Jerome S. Levy Oral History

  • OH017
  • Collection
  • 5/16/1975

Levy describes his family and educational background in Arkansas, his experiences as a student at Washington University School of Medicine in the 1920s and professors there such as Ernie Sachs. Levy recounts the accomplishments of some of his fellow students in the medical school class of 1925. Levy also discusses his philosophy on treating patients, his 50-plus years of practicing gastroenterology, and his service during World War II. The audio quality of the interview is poor. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 16, 1975. OH017. Approximate Length 40 minutes.

Levy, Jerome S.

Jessie L. Ternberg Oral History

  • OH034
  • Collection
  • May 8, 1978

Interviewed by Estelle Brodman in 1978. Approximate Length: 2 hours and 40 minutes.

Ternberg, Jessie L.

John A. Pierce Oral History

  • OH014
  • Collection
  • 4/3/1974

Pierce discusses the career of his colleague Alfred Goldman, a 1920 graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine and, for fifty years, a member of the clinical faculty of the school. Pierce describes some of Goldman’s early research on the effect of chilling on the development of upper respiratory disease, the physiology of hyperventilation, and tetany. Goldman’s great skill working and relating to both his patients and with students is described. Pierce comments on Goldman’s careful scholarship and tenacity as a researcher as well as his dedication to his family and to his patients. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on April 3, 1974. OH014. Approximate Length 32 minutes.

Pierce, John A.

John C. Herweg Oral History (OH079)

  • OH079
  • Collection
  • March 2005

Candace O'Connor conducted the interview with John Herweg as part of her research in the history of the St. Louis Children’s Hospital for the hospital’s 125th anniversary publication. Approximate Length: 1 hour and 53 minutes.

O'Connor asked John Herweg to discuss his experiences at St. Louis Children's Hospital during the Alexis Hartmann era, 1936-early 1960s. As a medical student at Washington University in 1942-1945. he found the milieu at Children's Hospital was exciting, almost magical, because the medical and nursing staff were early adopters of each new antibiotic. Diagnosis was key in cures of children with meningitis and mastoiditis, who could be cured if caught in time. The pediatrician in-chief Alexis Hartmann Sr. and Jean Valjean cook provided guidance to the medical students in their sophomore, junior and senior years to save children’s lives.

Herwig reviews his experience as a student, intern, and resident of the Washington University School of Medicine in the early 1940s, and his memories of thrilling teachers such as Hartmann Sr. and Zebatine Hybias???? [Zentay?}. They knew medicine not only the laboratory aspects but clinical aspects. Hartmann brought patients and their mothers to the amphitheatre as well as the clinic where students saw clinical practice demonstrated. Herwig also rubbed shoulders with outstanding people who were research scientists besides the five research scientists, who were or were about to be Nobel Laureates including Carl and Gerty Cori, Joseph Erlanger, and Dr. Hershey in Bacterioiogy.

Hartmann insisted that Herweg stay for his internship and residency. Herwig was one of the bright medical students that Hartman recruited into pediatrics and nutured along. He helped them rise.

He mentions his first wife, Janet Scovill, who had finished her pediatric residency at Children’s (Which Children’s ) before him. [She died in 1958.} He also speaks of his present wife Dottie Glahn, who was head nurse of the infant ward at St. Louis Children’s Hospital from 1947-1959.

The interviewer asked him his recollections of Mrs. Langenberg, Gracie Jones and other women on women on the Board of Children’s hospital. He also briefly discussed interactions with Estelle Claiborne, the hospital administrator.

He recalls that World War II’s major effect on St. Louis Children’s Hospital was reduction of the number of house officers. The residents who were in charge of the hospital during the nighttime hours were consequently overworked.

The budget was very stringent at the end of the war. For example there were 2 glass syringes and they had to be autoclaved before use and they were in constant use. The staff cooled Patients were co by blowing a fan over a 50 pound cake of ice to make up for a lack of air conditioning.

Concerning the Butler Ward, the segregated ward for African-Americans, he admits the house officers might have integrated Children's Hospital earlier. He thought integration came about when Dave Golden called up Hartmann later and said he wanted to put an African patient on a ward by treatment needed rather than in the Butler ward. Hartmann agreed and Herwig thought that was the beginning of integration of St. Louis Chidlren's Hospital.

As to whether Hartmann sr. was prejudiced, Herweg didn't think so. He said Hartmann sr. had good relations with Helen and Homer Nash and later Alison Nash, Homer's daughter, at Homer G. Phillips Hospital. But he notes that Hartman wasn't an activist like Park White. He then recalls his impressions of Park White who he also admired.

Herweg, John C.

John C. Herweg Oral History (OH103)

  • OH103
  • Collection
  • June 13, 1990

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 45 minutes.

Herweg, John C.

John C. Herweg Oral History (OH104)

  • OH104
  • Collection
  • June 29, 1990

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 44 minutes.

Herweg, John C.

John D. Davidson Oral History

  • OH032
  • Collection
  • 5/13/1977

Davidson discusses his experiences as a medical student at Washington University School of Medicine, his internship at St. Louis City Hospital, and his fellowship in Cardiology at the National Heart Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, which involved the study of hypertension. Davidson discusses research at St. Luke’s Hospital on treatments to decrease the amount of heart damage after a heart attack. Davidson also discusses changes in medical education from the late 1940s/early 1950s to the mid-1970s, and medical malpractice insurance and Medicaid problems facing physicians in the 1970s. Interviewed by William R. Massa on May 13, 1977. OH032. Approximate Length 62 minutes.

Davidson, John D.

Joseph Erlanger Oral History

  • OH045
  • Collection
  • January 1964

Interviewed by Estelle Brodman and  Margaret Erlanger in 1964. Approximate Length: 1 hour and 50 minutes.

Erlanger, Joseph

Joye Baumann Oral History

  • OH088
  • Collection
  • July 21, 2006

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 36 minutes.

Baumann, Joye

Julaine Florence Oral History

  • OH133
  • Collection
  • 2010-03-02

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM.

Florence, Julaine

Julian C. Mosley, Jr. Oral History

  • OH109
  • Collection
  • July 6, 1990

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 57 minutes.

Mosley, Julian C., Jr.

Lawrence I. Kahn Oral History

  • OH105
  • Collection
  • July 23, 1990

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 35 minutes.

Kahn, Lawrence I.

Lawrence W. O'Neal Oral History

  • OH124
  • Collection
  • December 14, 2006

Interviewed by Paul Anderson in 2006. Approximate Length: 2 hours and 18 minutes.

O'Neal, Lawrence W.

Lee D. Cady Oral History

  • OH011
  • Collection
  • 5/24/1972

Cady recounts some of the history of the 21st General Hospital and its service during World War II in Africa, Italy and France.

This interview covers material which already exists in book form in the Washington University School of Medicine Archives. Because of the poor quality of the tape from which the interview was transcribed, this version is probably not be the best source for information on Dr. Cady’s service as commanding officer of the 21st General Hospital. Interviewed by Darryl Podoll on May 24, 1972. OH011. Approximate Length 85 minutes.

Cady, Lee D.

Lee Fetter Oral History

  • OH119
  • Collection
  • March 15, 2007

Interview conducted by Susan Deusinger of the Physical Therapy Department, WUSM. Approximate Length: 41 minutes.

Fetter, Lee

Leonore Goldstein Oral History

  • OH064
  • Collection
  • 11/20/1960

Leonore Goldstein discusses her husband Max A. Goldstein, his art and book collecting, his founding of the journal The Laryngoscope, and his founding of Central Institute for the Deaf in 1914. The audio quality of the recording is poor. Though there are two interviewers, the transcript does not reflect which interviewer is speaking. The tape ends abruptly. Interviewed by Mrs. Arnold Block and Mrs. Julius Elson on November 20, 1960. OH064. Approximate Length 33 minutes.

Goldstein, Leonore

Lloyd L. Penn Oral History

  • OH078
  • Collection
  • 5/5/1983

Penn discusses his legacy as a third generation graduate of the Washington University School of Medicine and its antecedent institutions, the Missouri Medical College and the St. Louis Medical College. Penn describes moving to San Francisco during the Depression and starting his medical career there. He also tells of his service as a surgeon during World War II. This interview was recorded during the 50th reunion of the Washington University School of Medicine Class of 1933. The audio quality is poor. The interview begins in the middle of the interviewer's introduction. Interviewed by Casey Croy on May 5, 1983. OH078. Approximate Length 22 minutes.

Penn, Lloyd L.

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