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Bernard Becker Oral History

  • OH061
  • Collection
  • 10/19/1990

Transcript of 3 interviews with Bernard Becker conducted in the fall of 1990. In the first interview Becker describes his early years and education. He discusses his undergraduate studies at Princeton University and his mentor there, H. S. Taylor; his graduate studies at Harvard Medical School during World War II and his military service as a psychiatrist; and his post-war residency training and research with Jonas Friedenwald at the Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins. In the second interview Becker describes the challenges of balancing clinical work, research, and administration as head of the Department of Ophthalmology at Washington University School of Medicine from 1953 to 1988. Becker discusses the expansion of the Department of Ophthalmology, his research in the causes and control of glaucoma, and his efforts to integrate the university’s affiliated hospitals. In the third interview, Becker describes the changes in academic medicine and research from the 1950s to the 1980s. He discusses some of the efforts leading to the establishment of the National Eye Institute in 1968, and his work to fund and construct a new medical library at Washington University. Following the 3rd interview is Dr. Becker's summary of his career. Interviewed by Marion Hunt on October 19, 1990; November 2, 1990, and unknown date [Fall 1990]. OH061. Approximate Length 30 leaves.

Becker, Bernard

Bernard Becker Prints and Artifacts

  • VC173
  • Collection
  • 1493

VC173 (Bernard Becker prints collection): 19 individual items showing the eyes, eyeglasses, opticians, the blind, and Saint Lucy, the patron saint of the blind, 1493-1950. Chiefly prints, varying techniques. 17 Graphics, 35mm slides; artifacts. Chiefly 18th century. https://spokane.wustl.edu/search/a?searchtype=X&searcharg=Becker+print&SORT=D&searchscope=2&submit=Search

Includes reproductions in 35mm slide and negative formats. Donated along with Bernard Becker [Rare Book] Collection in Ophthalmology and Optics.

Becker, Bernard

Sidney Goldring Reprints

  • FC102
  • Collection
  • 1950-1989

Reprints of 99 scientific articles authored or co-authored by Goldring, in a bound volume titled "Publications of Sidney Goldring, M.D." Subjects include epilepsy, surgical treatment of epilepsy, seizure disorders, and neuroglia.

Goldring, Sidney

Frank O. Richards Papers

  • FC103
  • Collection
  • 1937-2003

The Frank O. Richards papers contains statistical and narrative pertaining primarily to Homer G. Phillips Hospital, the St. Louis municipal hospital founded and operated for African Americans in 1937, but also to two other institutions, City Hospital No. 2 and the Peoples’ Hospital, that treated black patients during decades of official racial segregation. Included are files on William H. Sinkler, medical director of Phillips Hospital from 1941 until 1960. The files in Box 1 in particular document the writing of his chapter, “The St. Louis Story,” in A Century of Black Surgeons. Box 2 contains later additions, notably an undergraduate thesis by Dean Lee Kolnick (2003) on Homer G. Phillips Hospital.

Richards, Frank O.

Frank O. Richards Photographs

  • VC243
  • Collection
  • 1919-1987

This collection consists of 63 Photographs, negatives and slides. The collection sonsists primarily of images of physicians, staff and structures of the Homer G. Phillips Hospital. The images were compiled by Frank O. Richards, M.D. as illustrations for his chapter "St. Louis Story - Homer G. Phillips Hospital," in: A Century of Black Surgeons: The U.S.A. Experience, ed. by Claude H. Organ and Margaret Kosiba (1987).

Richards, Frank O.

Joseph Erlanger Papers

  • FC001
  • Collection
  • 1890-1964

The collection consists of eight series. The attempt has been made to maintain the original order as much as possible, and particularly in the correspondence and scientific data series. Much of the material, however, was transmitted and accessioned in small portions in the years 1963-1966, and in some cases items were placed on display in the Library before being arranged in series. The microfilming, moreover, was carried out before the final arrangement and analysis of the collection could be made; somewhat premature filming decisions have, therefore, affected the final arrangement that is presented here and some items are missing or poorly described on the film.

Erlanger, Joseph

William M. McPheeters Diary

  • FC097
  • Collection
  • 1840-1856

William McPheeter's bound handrwitten diary. A diary recorded during residency at the Philadelphia Hospital at Blockley (the Philadelphia Alms House Hospital, later Philadelphia General Hospital). Entries concerning the Blockley service begin 25 May 1840, end 19 April 1841. Subsequent entries relate to McPheeters's move and early professional career in St. Louis, and are dated 1841-1856.

McPheeters, William M.

Benno E. Lischer Papers

  • FC104
  • Collection
  • 1906-1957

Manuscripts, 1912-1940 and two volumes of reprints labelled: "Contributions to the dental literature, 1906-1928, and "Addresses, reprints," 1933-1957. The addresses include manuscripts as well as reprints. Subjects include dental education in general, and orthodontics. A few of the manuscripts concern the Washington University School of Dentistry, its history and the Department of Orthodontics.

Lischer, Benno E.

David A. Gee Papers

  • FC105
  • Collection
  • 1949-1992

Publications by Gee, including short academic papers, articles about the hospital, and two narrative histories of the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, "216 S. K." (1981) and "Working Wonders: a history of the Jewish Hospital of St. Louis, 1891-1992" (1992). Also included are speeches by Gee (1965-1980).

Gee, David A.

David Goldring Photographs and Certificates

  • VC312
  • Collection
  • 1940-1991

This collection consists of 41 photographs and certificates from David Goldring, including items separated from the David Goldring Papers (FC106).

Goldring, David

David Goldring Oral History

  • OH101
  • Collection
  • July 20, 1990

An interview of the Washington University Medical Center Desegregation History Project, conducted by Edwin W. McCleskey and associates, 1990. Approximate Length: 19 minutes.

David Goldrings relates stories he heard and his own experience with the admission of black children to St. Louis Children’s Hospital.

He begins with stories he heard about the attitude of chiefs of pediatrics, hospital administrators, and hospital board toward the admission of black children to children’s Hospital. John Howland was the first chief of pediatrics at the Hospital and he left to go to Johns Hopkins Hospital after 6 months because the Hospital board was opposed to the admission of black children to the hospital. This situation changed when St. Louis Children's Hospital opened the Butler Ward, a black only ward in 1923.

David Goldring’s own experience began with his internship and residency in 1941-1944. One night, a black child needed an incubator and there was none in the Butler ward. So David Goldring admitted him to the infant ward. Estelle Claiborne told David Goldring that this was the sort of thing that got interns fired and reported it to Alexis Hartmann Sr., his chief of pediatrics by a phone call. She was quite angry that Hartmann let the admission stand, but integration did not happen frequently in the war years.

Integration of the staff of St. Louis Children's Hospital began with the Nash family. Helen Nash joined the medical staff in 1949 and Homer Nash in 1955. For years before, Park J. White was committed to the training of African American interns and residents as an attending physician for 25 years at Homer G. Phillips. David Goldring and Neil Middlecamp were aso attendings in pediatrics at Homer G. Phillips Hospital for about 10 years.

Goldring, David

Park J. White Photographs

  • VC172
  • Collection
  • circa 1900-1955

This collection consists of 9 portrait photographs depicting Park J. White. The photographs are all copy prints and several of the portraits were published in the Spring 1982 edition of Outlook Magazine as part of an article profiling White titled "A Coming of Age with Pediatrics."

White, Park J.

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