Shank, Robert E.

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

Shank, Robert E.

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Shank, Robert
  • Dr. Robert Shank

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1914-2000

History

Robert E. Shank (1914-2000) was a graduate of Washington University School of Medicine, Class of 1939, and a resident at Barnes Hospital (1939-1940) and at St. Louis Isolation Hospital (1941). In late 1941 he became an assistant in research and resident physician at the hospital of the Rockefeller Institute in New York. While retaining these positions, Shank entered the U.S. Navy in 1942 and was assigned to the hospital's Naval Research Unit. Returning to civilian life in 1946, he became an associate of the New York Public Health Research Institute. In 1948 Shank was called to his alma mater in 1948 to become Danforth Professor of Medicine and head of the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.

As head of Preventive Medicine, Shank brought a new research emphasis to his department, that being nutrition studies. He contributed to many projects in this specialty of national and international importance. He was particularly associated with the formation of standards for minimum dietary allowances by the National Research Council Food and Nutrition Board. He served as a consultant to the U.S. Public Health Service, the Interdepartmental Committee on Nutrition for National Defense, the Pan American Health Organization, and several food industry associations. Under his leadership, the scope of the department broadened to include work in rehabilitation, health maintenance organizations, biostatistics, applied physiology, and lipid research.

Shank became professor emeritus in 1981. He proved to be the last regular head of the department: after five years under interim leadership, Preventive Medicine and Public Health was discontinued in January 1987 and its faculty and programs assigned to other departments, notably Internal Medicine.

Places

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Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

David P. Wohl, Jr., Memorial—Washington University Clinics (1960-Present)

Identifier of related entity

Category of relationship

associative

Type of relationship

Dates of relationship

Description of relationship

RES played a leading role in the construction of two Medical Center buildings, the Irene Walter Johnson Institute of Rehabilitation and the David P. Wohl, Jr. Memorial Clinics and in the development of the services housed there.

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

RDA
ISAAR

Status

Revised

Level of detail

Minimal

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Entered into the Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives December 16, 2019 1:38 PM
Revised March 30, 2020

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

  • Latin

Sources

local

  1. Ordered into Aeon: Robert E. Shank correspondence. RG028-S02-ss08-B16-F06 Folder 1977, Part of Occupational Therapy Program Records
  2. Ordered into Aeon: General correspondence, 1947-1975. FC034-S15. Part of Robert E. Shank Papers
  3. Ordered into Aeon: Shank, Robert E., Vertical File

Maintenance notes

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  • EAC

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