White, Park J.

Identity area

Type of entity

Person

Authorized form of name

White, Park J.

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

  • White, Park J., 1891-1987
  • Park Jerauld White
  • Ovi

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1891-1987

History

Park Jerauld White was born in Green Ridge, Staten Island on December 31, 1891. He studied at Harvard College, receiving his bachelor's degree in 1913. He later received his medical degree from Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1917. Shortly after matriculation, Dr. White entered the U.S. Army, where he served as a 1st Lieutenant and Medical Officer in a number of military installations across the United States.

After finishing his military service in 1920, Dr. White moved to St. Louis, Missouri where he established a private practice. He maintained his private practice until his retirement in 1965. Beginning in 1921, Dr. White also served as the Assistant Visiting Pediatrician at Children's Hospital. He held this position until 1962. Additionally, Dr. White served as the Lecturer in Medical Ethics and Professional Conduct at Washington University School of Medicine from 1921-1946. In 1925, he was awarded an Instructorship in Clinical Pediatrics at the Washington University Medical School, a post he would hold until 1958. From 1958 to 1962, Dr. White served as an Assistant Professor of Clinical Pediatrics. He became a Professor Emeritus in the same department in 1962. Dr. White also served as the Director of Pediatrics at Homer G. Phillips Hospital from 1945 until his retirement in 1966.

Dr. White's first moment of national recognition came in 1925 when he published an article in The Nation's Health entitled 'The Health of Colored Babies in St. Louis.' In this article, he compared the death rates of African American and Caucasian babies in the city of St. Louis. He found that for every 1,000 African American babies born, 126 died. This rate was almost double that of Caucasian babies.

In addition to his work at the Washington University School of Medicine and various area hospitals, Dr. White was also a renowned poet and essayist, an active member of a number of area and professional organizations, and a strong voice for health and civil equality for all St. Louis citizens. His works of literature were published in numerous journals and magazines, including the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Pediatrics, Today's Health, and the United Church Herald. In the community, Dr. White played an active role in a number of organizations such as the YMCA/YWCA, the St. Louis Civil Liberties Union, the Committee for Environmental Information, and many others.

Dr. White served as the President of the St. Louis Pediatric Society for two years and the State Chairman of the American Academy of Pediatrics for eight years. Dr. White was also an active member of the St. Louis Conference on Race Relations, a position in which he worked to help African American physicians gain membership to the St. Louis Medical Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics. Dr. White remained an active member of St. Louis society and the university until his death on August 6, 1987.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Bain, Katherine (1897-1999)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Sister-in-law of Park J. White, who was his partner in private practice in St. Louis.

Related entity

White, Laurens P. (1925-2000)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

family

Type of relationship

White, Laurens P.

is the child of

White, Park J.

Dates of the relationship

1925-1987

Description of relationship

null

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

RDA
ISAAR

Status

Revised

Level of detail

Partial

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

ENTERED into A to M Becker Archives Database December 16, 2019 1:18 PM
Revised March 18, 2019 11:16 PM

Language(s)

  • English

Script(s)

  • Latin

Sources

local

  1. A to M Becker Archives Database for White Park
  2. Verse-and verse : lilting along paths medical and otherwise with Park J. White, 1972, VF08120-B01-F08120-i14 Item, Part of White, Park J, Vertical File, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis (About Park J. White, M.D, ("Ovi")).
  3. White, Park Jerauld, How old houses kill children: a St. Louis study of plaster and paint, Manuscript, undated, FC027-S10-B10-F02-i02 Item
    Part of Park J. White Papers, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis (Park Jerauld White, M.D.)
  4. Publications, 1952-1956. FC027-S10-B10-F02-i01, Part of Park J. White Papers, Bernard Becker Medical Library Archives, Washington University in St. Louis (Park J. White [handwritten signatures on a few publications])

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